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Presented  to  the 

LIBRARIES  of  the 


Hugh  Anson-Cartwright 


J. HATTER.  . 







DRAWINGS    BY    JOHN    H  A  Y  T  E  R. 



















LADY  ST.  JOHN  MILDMAY  is  the  second  daughter  of  the  Right  Honourable 
Charles  Shaw  Lefevre,  of  Heckfield  Place,  in  the  county  of  Hants,  M.P.  for 
South  Hants,  and  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Commons,  and  of  Emma  Louisa, 
the  youngest  daughter  of  Samuel  Whitbread,  Esq.,  by  the  Lady  Elizabeth, 
his  wife,  sister  to  the  present  Earl  Grey.  The  family  of  the  Lefevres  is  of 
Norman  extraction,  and  came  over  from  the  neighbourhood  of  Rouen  into 
England  at  the  date  of  the  Revocation  of  the  Edict  of  Nantes,  when  Louis 
XIV.  lost  so  many  thousands  of  his  best  and  most  industrious  subjects, 
and  made  not  a  single  convert  by  that  harsh  and  cruel  proceeding.  The 
family  of  the  Shaws,  which  is  of  high  antiquity  in  the  north  of  England, 
became  connected  with  the  Lefevres  by  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Charles  Shaw, 
of  Reading,  Esq.,  barrister-at-law,  son  of  George  Shaw,  Esq.,  by  Maria 
Green,  his  wife,  with  Helena,  the  only  daughter  and  heiress  of  John 
Lefevre,  Esq.,  of  Hampshire.  He  assumed,  in  consequence,  the  arms  and 
name  of  Lefevre.  Their  son,  Mr.  Shaw  Lefevre,  sat  for  the  first  time  in 
Parliament  for  Newton  in  1796,  and  subsequently  represented  Reading. 

Her  ladyship's  husband  is  Sir  Henry  Bouverie  Paulet  St.  John 
Mildmay,  of  Moulsham,  in  the  county  of  Essex,  being  the  eldest  son,  by  the 
first  marriage,  of  Sir  Henry  Carew  Mildmay.  "  The  ancient  and  honourable 
family  of  the  Mildmays,"  says  Morant,  the  historian  of  Essex,  "  derive 
themselves  from  Hugo  Mildme,  who  lived  in  1147,  in  the  thirteenth  year  of 
King  Stephen."  They  now  represent  the  Earldoms  of  Fitzwalter  and  of 


Sussex,  through  the  Lady  Frances  Ratcliff,  daughter  of  the  third  Lord 
Fitzwalter,  and  second  Earl  of  Sussex,  son  of  the  Earl  of  Sussex,  the  great 
royal  matchmaker  of  his  day,  who  negotiated  the  marriage  of  Philip  of  Spain 
with  Queen  Mary,  and  was  only  prevented  by  the  coyness  and  coquetry  of 
Queen  Elizabeth  from  wedding  her,  in  the  first  instance,  to  the  Archduke  of 
Austria,  and  in  the  second  to  the  Duke  of  Anjou.  Morant  tells  us  that  in 
the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.  there  was  a  Sir  William  Mildmay,  who  married 
Margaret,  the  daughter  of  Sir  George  Hervey,  constable  of  the  Tower,  and 
had  by  her  four  sons.  "From  these  four  sons  the  family  of  Mildmay 
spread  itself  into  numerous  other  branches,  insomuch  that  about  the  end 
of  King  James  the  First's  reign,  these  nine  families  (which  he  enumerates) 
were  possessed  of  very  large  and  considerable  estates  in  Essex."  The 
honours  and  estates  of  Mildmay,  nevertheless,  in  1788  came  by  will  through 
Jane  Mildmay,  then  Lady  St.  John,  grand-niece  of  Carew  Hervey  Mildmay, 
Esq.,  of  Marks,  in  the  county  of  Essex,  the  fourth  descendant  of  the 
second  of  these  four  sons, — into  the  ancient  family  of  St.  John,  wrhose 
lineage  dates  from  a  Sir  William  de  St.  John,  the  quartermaster-general, 
or  "  supervisor  of  the  waggon  train,"  of  William  the  Conqueror's  invading 
army,  who  assumed  the  name  of  Mildmay  by  injunction  of  testator.  Of  this 
great  heiress,  the  present  Baronet  is  the  grandson. 

On  the  maternal  side,  Miss  Lefevre  can  boast  an  unalloyed  descent  of 
the  most  genuine  and  the  purest  nobility.  To  mention  the  name  of  Grey,  is 
to  call  up  before  us  all  that  is  illustrious  in  humanity.  In  such  a  line,  it 
would  be,  indeed,  invidious  to  select  names — all  have  an  equal  excellence, 
and  all  would  furnish  an  equally  good  example ;  for  it  seems  to  have  been 
the  especial  study  of  this  illustrious  race,  in  both  branches,  male  and 
female,  to  carry  into  effect  the  sentiment  of  Gibbon,  the  historian,  that 
"  Wherever  the  distinction  of  birth  is  allowed  to  form  a  superior  order  in 
the  state,  education  and  example  should  always,  and  will  often,  produce 


among  them  a  dignity  of  sentiment  and  a  propriety  of  conduct,  when 
guarded  from  dishonour  by  their  own  and  the  public  esteem." 

Very  fine  portraits,  by  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds,  of  both  the  maternal 
grandfathers  of  Lady  St.  John  Mildmay — Earl  Grey,  and  Samuel  Whitbread, 
Esq.  (father  of  the  eminent  statesman  of  that  name) — are  to  be  seen  at 
Southilo,  Bedfordshire,  the  seat  of  William  Henry  Whitbread,  Esq.  Her 
ladyship's  great  grandfather  wras  the  intimate  friend  of  Howard,  the  philan- 
thropist, and  was  distinguished  for  his  piety,  integrity,  and  the  munificence 
of  his  charities.  He  has  one  daughter  still  surviving,  to  represent  in  their 
maturity  the  virtues  now  budding  in  her  posterity — the  venerable  Lady 
Grey,  the  mother  of  Sir  George  Grey,  one  of  her  Majesty's  Secretaries  of 




THE  groves  of  Cliefden,  so  oft  and  so  sweetly  sung  by  the  poets,  seldom 
witnessed  a  more  happy  morning  than  that  which  united  the  richest  heiress  of 
the  north,  the  lovely  daughter  of  John  Hay  Mackenzie,  Esq.,  of  Tarbet  and 
Cromartie  (N.  B.),  to  George  Granville  William,  Marquess  of  Stafford,  eldest 
son  of  George  Granville  Leveson  Gower,  second  Duke  of  Sutherland,  one  of 
the  wealthiest  members  of  the  peerage  of  Great  Britain.     But  it  was  not 
merely  the  great  wealth  that  was  united,  or  the  beauty  and  high  birth  that 
were  combined  in  this  union, — it  was  not  merely  the  ancient  lineage  and 
large  landed  possessions,  but  the  acknowledged  talents,  the  genius,  and  the 
high  intellect  on  both  sides,  that  made  this  marriage  a  matter  of  singular 
interest  among  the  aristocracy  of  the  kingdom.     In  a  reflective  survey  of  the 
men  who  have  added  heraldic  honours  to  their  families,  and  been  ennobled 
in  the  younger  branches,  it  cannot  escape  observation,  that,  in  almost  every 
case,  the  mothers  were  the  daughters  either  of  men  distinguished  for  their 
superiority,  or  of  mothers  descended  from  those  whose  mental  energy  and 
superiority  have  been  publicly  acknowledged ;  and  the  formation  of  character, 
as  is  well  known,  depends,  to  a  great  extent,  on  the  early  culture  always  be- 
stowed by  the  mothers  and  elder  women  of  a  family  on  the  scions  of  their  race. 
When,  therefore,  to  the  hereditary  genius  of  the  Gowers,  the  Levesons,  and 
the  Granvilles,  it  was  known  would  be  added  not  merely  the  charms,  but  the 
high  mental  cultivation  of  Miss  Hay  Mackenzie,  a  still  further  advance,  it 
was  justly  reasoned,  might  be  anticipated,  and  a  still  more  glorious  future 
be  regarded  as  in  prospect  for  a  family  which,  to  all  appearances,  has  already 
reached  the  highest  eminence  in  the  State.     This  marriage  was  known  to 
be  the  dearest  wish,  lying  close  to  the  heart  of  Mr.  Hay  Mackenzie,  who 
hoped  to  see  revived,  in  some  future  branch  of  the  issue  of  so  noble  a  union, 
the  attainted  honours  of  his  Earldom  of  Cromartie.     He  lived  to  see  this 
last  wish  gratified ;  but  the  Halls  of  Tarbet  were  soon  in  darkness  for  the 


loss  of  their  owner ;  yet  might  it  be  said  that  the  blaze,  which  shortly  after 
illumined  "  Cliefden's  proud  alcove,"  seemed  as  if  some  spark  had  fallen 
from  the  torch  of  Hymen,  and  lighted  up  a  beacon-fire  to  celebrate  that 
happy  wedding. 

The  father  of  the  Marchioness,  John  Play  Mackenzie,  Esq.,  of  Tarbet  and 
Cromartie,  was  one  of  the  largest  landed  proprietors  in  Scotland,  being  the 
lineal  descendant  and  representative  of  the  Earls  of  Cromartie,  the  last  of 
whom,  imprisoned  in  the  Tower,  and  tried  and  convicted  as  a  traitor  for 
the  share  he  had  taken  in  the  last  rising  of  the  Pretender,  narrowly  escaped 
with  his  head,  but  was  finally  pardoned,  and  died  in  an  obscure  lodging  in 
Poland-street,  Oxford- street,  leaving  his  son,  a  wandering  soldier,  fighting 
for  honour  through  the  north  of  Europe,  and  finally  achieving  it  and 
retrieving  his  estates  at  a  small  penalty,  but  not  his  family  honours. 

The  story  of  this  eldest  and  only  son  of  the  Cromarties  is  not  an 
uninteresting  record  of  the  struggle  of  a  noble  spirit  to  raise  by  his  single 
arm  the  fallen  honour  of  his  house,  and  prove  himself  as  worthy  to  be  the 
first  and  founder  of  a  family  of  nobles,  as  he  was  to  be  the  last  noble  of 
his  race.  John  Lord  Macleod,  born  1727,  engaged  in  the  rebellion  of  1745, 
and  was  taken,  with  his  father,  and  carried  to  London.  A  true  bill  was 
found  against  him,  at  St.  Margaret's  Hill,  23rd  August,  1746;  he  pleaded 
guilty  on  the  20th  December  following,  when  he  thus  addressed  the  Court : 
"  My  lords,  I  stand  indicted  for  one  of  the  most  heinous  of  all  crimes,  that 
of  rebellion  and  treason  against  the  best  of  kings,  and  my  only  rightful  lord 
and  sovereign.  Would  to  God,  my  lords,  I  could  plead  not  guilty  to  the 
charge.  But  as  I  cannot,  I  beg  leave  to  assure  your  lordships,  my  heart 
never  was  consenting  to  the  unnatural  and  wicked  part  I  then  acted. 
Remember,  my  lords,  my  youth;  and  that  I  am  in  that  state  of  life  when 
an  unhappy  father's  example  is  almost  a  law.  But  my  heart  is  full— from 
the  deep  sense  I  have  of  his  miseries  and  my  own ;  and  I  shall  only  add, 
that  as  I  must  and  do  plead  guilty  to  the  charge,  if,  on  your  lordships'  kind 
representation  of  my  case,  his  Majesty  shall  think  fit,  in  his  great  goodness, 
to  extend  his  compassion  to  me,  what  of  future  life  or  fortune  I  may  ever 
have  shall  be  entirely  devoted  to  the  service  of  his  Majesty,  on  whose 
mercy  I  now  absolutely  throw  myself."  A  pardon  passed  the 'Great  Seal 


in  his  favour,  26th  January,  1748.  He  went  into  the  service  of  the  king 
of  Sweden,  by  whom  he  was  created  Count  Cromarty,  and  made  Com- 
mandant of  the  Tower  and  Sword,  with  which  honour  he  was  invested  by 
King  George  III.  in  1778,  in  compliance  with  the  request  of  his  Swedish 
Majesty.  He  returned  to  Britain,  1777,  raised  two  battalions  of  High- 
landers, was  constituted  Colonel  of  the  71st  Foot,  accompanied  them  to  the 
East  Indies,  and  greatly  signalized  himself.  In  1782,  he  returned  home  as 
Major-General,  had  the  family  estates  restored  to  him  by  Act  of  Parliament 
in  1784 — by  payment  of  10,000/.  of  debts  affecting  the  property — but  not 
the  honours;  and  dying  without  issue  at  Edinburgh,  in  1789,  was  buried 
in  the  Canongate  Churchyard,  by  the  side  of  his  mother  Isabella  Gordon, 
Countess  of  Cromarty. 

The  Lady  Isabel,  his  sister,  who  succeeded  to  the  family  estate  of 
Cromarty  in  1796,  was  the  wife  of  George  Lord  Elibank;  and  by  the 
marriage  of  her  daughter,  the  Honourable  Maria  Murray,  to  Edward  Hay. 
of  Newhall,  afterwards  Edward  Hay  Mackenzie,  of  Cromarty,  brother  of 
George  seventh  Marquis  of  Tweeddale,  conveyed  the  estates  into  that  family, 
which,  thenceforward,  assumed  the  surname  of  Mackenzie. 

The  tradition  of  the  origin  of  the  family  of  Hay  is  curious.  "  In  the 
reign  of  Kenneth  III.,  A.D.  980,  the  Danes,  who  had  invaded  Scotland,  having 
prevailed  at  the  battle  of  Luncarty,  near  Perth,  were  pursuing  the  flying 
Scots  from  the  field,  when  a  countryman  and  his  two  sons  appeared  in  a 
narrow  pass,  through  which  the  vanquished  were  hurrying,  and  impeded  for 
a  moment  their  flight.  '  What !'  said  the  rustic,  '  had  you  rather  be 
slaughtered  by  your  merciless  foes,  than  die  honourably  in  the  field  ?  Come ! 
rally !  rally !'  And  he  led  them  on,  brandishing  the  yoke  of  his  plough,  and 
crying  out  that  help  was  at  hand.  The  Danes,  believing  that  a  fresh  army 
was  falling  upon  them,  fled  in  confusion,  and  the  Scots  thus  recovered  the 
laurel  which  they  had  lost,  and  freed  their  country  from  servitude.  The 
battle  being  over,  the  old  man,  afterwards  known  by  the  name  of  Hay,  was 
brought  to  the  king,  who,  assembling  a  parliament  at  Scone,  gave  to  the 
said  Hay  and  his  sons,  as  a  just  reward  for  their  valour,  so  much  land  on 
the  river  Fay,  in  the  district  of  Gowrie,  as  a  falcon  from  a  man's  hand  flew 
over  till  it  settled  ;  which  being  six  miles  in  length,  was  afterwards  called 


Errol.  This  falcon  and  the  plough  yoke,  the  Earls  of  Errol  still  preserve 
in  their  arms.  This  brave  old  man,  then,  was  the  founder  of  the  families  of 
Errol  and  Tweeddale,  with  whom  the  Marchioness  of  Stafford  is  connected  on 
the  paternal  side. 

Sir  Roderick  Mackenzie,  the  common  ancestor  of  the  Mackenzie  family, 
received  the  honour  of  knighthood  from  James  VI.  as  a  recompence  for  the 
part  he  took  in  civilizing  the  northern  part  of  Scotland. 

John,  another  member  of  the  family,  was  created  a  Baronet  by  Charles  I. 
In  1702,  the  dignities  of  Lord  Macleod  and  Castlehaven,  and  Viscount  of 
Tarbet,  conferred  on  the  second  baronet  by  James  II.,  were  aggrandized  to 
the  Earldom  of  Cromartie  by  Queen  Anne.  The  baronetcy  now  revived,  and 
at  present  held  by  Sir  James  Sutherland  Mackenzie,  is  a  curious  illus- 
tration of  the  old  family  connexion  between  the  Sutherlands  and  the 
Mackenzies  of  Tarbet,  of  which  the  marriage  of  Miss  Hay  Mackenzie  with 
the  Marquis  of  Stafford  might  be  considered  a  revival ;  for  Alexander  of 
Ardlock,  in  Sutherland,  through  whom  the  baronetcy  was  revived,  he  being 
the  second  son  of  the  first  baronet  (whose  blood  had  become  attainted),  was 
the  grandfather  of  Alexander,  of  Ardlock,  who  married  Margaret,  daughter 
of  Robert  Sutherland,  Esq.,  of  Langwell,  co.  Caithness,  the  twelfth  in  descent 
from  William  de  Sutherland,  fifth  Earl  of  Sutherland,  and  the  Princess 
Margaret  Bruce,  sister  and  heir  of  David  II. 

Mr.  John  Hay  Mackenzie,  the  father  of  the  Marchioness,  died  in  1849, 
a  short  time  after  his  daughter's  marriage.  He  was  the  only  son  and  heir 
of  Eden  Hay  Mackenzie,  uncle  of  the  present  Marquis  of  Tweeddale,  by  the 
Hon.  Maria  Murray  Mackenzie,  eldest  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  George, 
sixth  Lord  Elibank,  by  the  Lady  Isabella  Mackenzie,  eldest  daughter  and 
co-heiress  of  George,  third  Earl  of  Cromartie.  Mr.  Hay  Mackenzie  married 
April  23rd,  1828,  Anne,  third  daughter  of  Sir  James  Gibson  Craig,  Bart., 
and  his  only  issue  was  Anne,  the  subject  of  this  memoir. 

Into  the  history  of  the  family  of  Sutherland  it  is  unnecessary  to  enter ; 
wherever  genius,  high  birth,  the  arts,  or  the  greater  powers  of  the  State  have 
been  spoken  of,  there  will  the  names  of  Granville,  Leveson  Gower,  and 
Sutherland  be  found  written  on  the  hearts  of  men. 



SOME  years  since,  a  celebrated  artist,  when  composing  a  picture  of  Edith 
Plantagenet  entreating  Richard  Coeur  de  Lion  to  spare  the  life  of  Sir 
Kenneth,  is  said  to  have  consulted  from  all  sources  the  coins,  effigies,  illumi- 
nations, and  other  documents  of  the  period,  for  the  contours  and  features 
of  the  Plantagenets,  and  was  surprised  when,  having  finished  his  work,  he 
was  assured  that  he  had  made  an  admirable  likeness,  in  carriage  and  feature, 
of  a  young  lady  who  was  descended,  through  her  father,  from  Owen  Tudor 
and  Katherine,  the  widow  of  Henry  V.,  and  was  allied,  on  her  mother's  side, 
to  the  Chandos  race.  The  same  perfection  of  form,  noble  features,  small 
(high-bred)  hands  and  feet,  and  majestic  carriage,  were  as  distinct  in  her  as 
in  the  most  distinguished  of  her  princely  ancestors,  and  her  mind  would 
have  graced  either  a  throne  or  a  cottage. 

Some  such  a  care  in  the  collection  of  individual  excellences  of  the 
ancestresses  of  many  a  race  of  high  nobility  might  have  produced  just  such 
a  picture  as  we  have  now  before  us  in  the  portrait  of  Miss  Eliza  Seymour, 
a  lady  of  whom  it  might  be  justly  said  that  she  who  combines  the  Seymours, 
the  Herveys,  and  the  Waldegraves,  has  greatness  of  soul,  wit,  beauty,  and 
nobility — the  amplest  of  all  female  fortunes — by  hereditary  descent  her  own. 

Miss  Eliza  Seymour  is  the  daughter  of  Frederick  Charles  William  Sey- 
mour, fifth  son  of  the  Lord  Hugh  Seymour,  himself  the  fifth  son  of  Erancis, 
second  Baron,  and  first  Marquis  of  Hertford.  Her  mother  is  the  Lady 
Augusta  Hervey,  eldest  daughter  of  the  Marquis  of  Bristol.  She  is  the  grand- 


daughter,  on  her  mother's  side,  of  the  Lady  Elizabeth  Albinia,  second 
daughter  of  Clotworthy,  first  Lord  Templetown,  and  on  her  father's,  of  the 
Lady  Anne  Horatia,  third  daughter  of  James,  second  Earl  of  Waldegrave. 

The  very  name  of  Seymour  is  redolent  of  romance — and  in  point  of 
romantic  interest,  nothing  can  exceed  the  story  of  the  unfortunate  couple 
persecuted  by  Queen  Elizabeth, — Lord  Edward  Seymour,  created  by  that 
queen  in  the  first  year  of  her  reign,  Baron  Beauchamp  and  Lord  Hertford, 
and  the  Lady  Catherine,  sister  of  Lady  Jane  Grey.  Nowhere  is  this  tale 
more  touchingly  told  than  where,  from  the  nature  of  the  work,  it  might  be 
least  expected — Hallam's  Constitutional  History. 

Henry  VIII.  had  settled  the  succession  in  remainder  to  the  house  of 
Suffolk,  descendants  of  his  second  sister  Mary,  to  whom  he  postponed  the 
elder  line  of  Scotland.  Mary  left  two  daughters,  Frances  and  Eleanor— 
the  former  became  wife  of  Grey,  Marquis  of  Dorset,  created  Duke  of  Suffolk 
by  Edward,  and  had  three  daughters,  the  Lady  Jane,  Catherine,  and  Mary. 
Eleanor  Brandon,  by  her  union  with  the  Earl  of  Cumberland,  had  a 
daughter,  who  married  the  Earl  of  Derby.  At  the  beginning  of  Elizabeth's 
reign,  or  rather  after  the  death  of  the  Duchess  of  Suffolk,  Lady  Catherine 
Grey  was  by  statute  law  the  presumptive  heiress  of  the  crown.  The  queen, 
as  we  have  seen,  as  some  recompence  for  the  judicial  murder  of  his  father  by 
the  Protector,  in  1552,  had  raised  the  eldest  son  of  his  second  marriage  to 
high  honours,  in  the  first  year  of  her  reign ;  but  this  favour  did  not  long 
continue,  for  when — 

"  The  Lady  Catherine  Grey  proving  with  child,  by  a  private  marriage,  as  they  both  alleged, 
with  the  Earl  of  Hertford,  the  queen,  always  envious  of  the  happiness  of  lovers,  and  jealous 
of  all  who  could  entertain  any  hopes  of  the  succession,  threw  them  both  into  the  Tower  in  1563. 
By  connivance  of  their  keeper,  the  lady  bore  a  second  child  during  this  imprisonment.  Upon 
this  Elizabeth  caused  an  inquiry  to  be  instituted  before  a  commission  of  privy  councillors  and 
civilians;  wherein,  the  parties  being  unable  to  adduce  proof  of  their  marriage,  Archbishop  Parker 
pronounced  that  their  cohabitation  was  illegal,  and  that  they  should  be  censured.  He  was  to  be 
pitied  if  the  law  obliged  him  to  utter  so  harsh  a  sentence,  or  to  be  blamed  if  it  did  not.  Even 


had  the  marriage  never  been  solemnized,  it  was  impossible  to  doubt  the  existence  of  a  contract, 
which  both  were  still  desirous  to  perform.  But  there  is  reason  to  believe  that  there  had  been 
an  actual  marriage,  though  so  hasty  and  clandestine  that  they  had  not  taken  precaution  to 
secure  evidence  of  it.  The  injured  lady  sank  under  this  hardship  and  indignity;  but  the  legiti- 
macy of  her  children  was  acknowledged  by  general  consent,  and,  in  a  distant  age,  by  a  legislative 

"  The  parties  alleged  themselves  to  have  been  married  clandestinely,  in  the  Earl  of  Hert- 
ford's house,  by  a  minister  whom  they  had  never  before  seen,  and  of  whose  name  they  were 
ignorant,  in  the  presence  only  of  a  sister  of  the  earl,  then  deceased.  This  furtive  and  hasty 
ceremony  was  necessary  to  protect  them  from  the  queen's  indignation.  '  Their  ignorance  of  the 
clergyman  who  performed  the  ceremony,'  says  Mr.  Hallam,  who  carefully  examined  the  pro- 
ceedings now  in  the  British  Museum,  Harl.  MSS.  6286,  'is  not  perhaps  very  extraordinary;  he 
seems  to  have  been  one  of  those  vagabond  ecclesiastics  who,  till  the  Marriage  Act  of  1752,  Avere 
always  ready  to  do  that  service  for  a  fee.'  *  *  * 

"  Catherine,  after  her  release  from  the  Tower,  after  four  years'  confinement,  was  placed  in 
the  custody  of  her  uncle,  Lord  John  Grey,  but  still  suffering  the  queen's  displeasure,  and 
separated  from  her  husband.  Several  interesting  letters  from  her  and  her  uncle  to  Cecil  are 
among  the  Lansdowne  MSS.,  vol.  vi.  They  cannot  be  read  without  indignation  at  Elizabeth's 
unfeeling  severity.  Sorrow  killed  this  poor  young  woman  the  next  year,  who  was  never  per- 
mitted to  see  her  husband  again.  The  Earl  of  Hertford  underwent  a  long  imprisonment,  and 
continued  in  obscurity  during  Elizabeth's  reign,  but  had  some  public  employments  under  her 
successor.  He  was  twice  afterwards  married,  and  lived  to  a  very  advanced  age,  not  dying  till 
1621,  near  sixty  years  after  his  ill-starred  and  ambitious  love,  and  having  lived  to  see  his  grand- 
son elope  with  another  royal  maiden  ;"  as  if  the  15,000^.  fine  inflicted  on  himself  by  the  Star 
Chamber  had  been  no  warning  to  his  posterity.  "  It  is  worth  while  to  read  the  epitaph  on  his 
monument  in  the  south-east  aisle  of  Salisbury  Cathedral — an  affecting  testimony  to  the  purity 
and  faithfulness  of  an  attachment  rendered  still  more  sacred  by  misfortune  and  time." 

Of  the  two  children,  the  first,  Edward,  died  young,  the  second,  Edward, 
Lord  Beauchamp,  gallantly  vindicated  his  father's  honour  and  his  mother's 
truth,  and,  as  we  learn  from  Dugdale,  succeeded  in  discovering  and  pro- 
ducing in  court  the  priest  who  had  married  them.  He  wrung  from  the 
unwilling  justice  of  his  sovereign  the  letters  patent  of  Earl  of  Hertford, 
which  he  bequeathed  to  his  son,  Sir  William  Seymour,  who  continued 
the  hereditary  romance  and  the  ambition  of  the  House  of  Seymour,  to 
wed  with  royal  blood,  by  attempting  to  marry  the  Lady  Arabella  Stuart, 
without  the  consent  of  James  I.  He  was  obliged  to  flee  the  kingdom, 
while  the  lady  was  imprisoned  in  the  Tower,  where  she  pined  a  lovelorn 


prisoner,  until  released  by  death  in  1615.  The  Lord  Seymour  returned 
in  the  reign  of  Charles  I.,  and  fought  a  gallant  fight  for  royalty  during 
the  civil  wars.  He  lived  to  marry,  a  second  time,  the  Lady  Frances 
Devereux,  daughter  of  the  unfortunate  Earl  of  Essex,  and  died — his  last 
days  gilded  by  a  restoration  to  his  family  honours — as  Duke  of  Somerset,  by 
the  reversal  of  the  attainder,  on  the  restoration  of  Charles  II.,  which  honours 
finally,  as  if  in  due  course  of  hereditary  justice — a  circumstance  much  to  be 
remarked  in  the  history  of  ancient  families,— have  returned  into  the  first 
branch  of  the  Seymours,  whence  they  originally  sprung. 

Of  the  Bristol  family,  what  more  can  be  said  than  that  all  the  world  of 
wit  and  fashion,  from  almost  time  immemorial,  have  re-echoed  the  strong 
expression  of  Johnson — "  If  you  call  a  dog  Hervey,  I  shall  love  him," — or  that 
lively  sentiment  of  Lady  Mary  Wortley  Montague,  who,  by  way  of  expressing 
the  originality  of  character  peculiar  to  that  family,  said  that  she  divided  the 
world  into  three  classes,  "  men,  women,  and  Herveys."  The  rough  nature 
of  Dr.  Johnson  found  reason  for  his  gratitude  to  Thomas  and  Henry 
Hervey.  The  younger  brothers  of  the  celebrated  Lord  Hervey  were  friends 
of  the  great  lexicographer,  and — as  Mr.  John  "Wilson  Croker  tells  us,  in  his 
preface  to  '  Lord  Hervey's  Memoirs,' — "  in  a  small  way, — when  small  things 
were  great  to  him, — were  his  benefactors."  In  this  their  kind  patronage  of 
literary  merit  they  but  followed  the  example  of  their  predecessors,  John 
and  William,  the  sons  of  Sir  William  Hervey  by  his  first  marriage  with 
Susan,  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Jermyn,  of  Rushbrook,  in  the  county  of 
Suffolk.  By-the-bye,  a  curious  family  tradition  is  told  of  this  Sir  William's 
second  marriage — 

"It  is  said,"  observes  Gage,  in  his  'History  of  Suffolk,'  "that  Sir  George  Trenchard,  Sir 
John  Gage,  and  Sir  William  Hervey,  each  solicited  Lady  Penelope  Gage,  daughter  of  the  Countess 
Rivers,  of  Hengrave,  in  Suffolk,  in  marriage  at  the  same  time,  and  that  to  make  peace  between 
the  rivals,  she  threatened  the  first  aggressor  with  her  perpetual  displeasure,  humorously  telling 
them,  that  '  if  they  would  wait,  she  would  have  them  all  in  their  turns,'— a  promise  which  was 
actually  performed." 



This  Sir  William  had  two  sons,  John  and  William ;  the  latter  of  whose 
virtues  and  rare  endowments  survive  in  the  celebrated  Elegy,  written  by 
Cowley,  on  his  early  death ;  while  Grainger,  who  speaks  in  his  Biography 
of  "the  great  worth  and  accomplishments"  of  John  Hervey,  tells  us,  that 
to  him  Cowley  owed  his  advancement. 

He  was  my  friend,  the  truest  friend  on  earth, 
A  strong  and  mighty  influence  joined  our  birth; 
Nor  did  we  envy  the  most  sounding  name, 

By  friendship  given  of  old  to  fame. 
None  but  his  brethren,  he,  and  sisters  knew 

Whom  the  kind  youth  preferred  to  me, 

And  e'en  in  that  we  did  agree, 
For  much  above  myself  I  loved  them  too. 

Say,  for  you  saw  us,  ye  Immortal  Lights  ! 
How  oft  unwearied  have  we  spent  the  nights, 
Till  the  Ledsean  stars,  so  fam'd  for  love, 

Wondered  at  us  from  above. 
We  spent  them  not  in  toys,  in  lusts,  or  wine, 

But  search  of  deep  philosophy, 

Art,  Eloquence,  and  Poetry, 
Arts  which  I  loved,  for  they,  my  friend,  were  thine. 

Large  was  his  soul,  as  large  a  soul  as  e'er 

Submitted  to  inform  a  body  here, 

High  as  the  place  'twas,  shortly,  in  Heaven  to  have, 

But  low  and  humble  as  his  grave; 
So  high,  that  all  the  virtues  there  did  come 

As  to  the  chiefest  seat, 

Conspicuous  and  great, 
So  low  that  for  me,  too,  it  made  a  room. 

"  This,"  says  Dr.  Sprat,  Bishop  of  Eochester,  in  the  "  Life  of  Cowley," 
prefixed  to  his  edition  of  the  poet's  works,  "  brought  him  into  the  acquaint- 
ance of  Mr.  John  Hervey,  the  brother  of  his  deceased  friend,  from  whom 
he  received  many  offices  of  kindness,  through  the  whole  course  of  his  life, 


but  principally  this,  that  by  this  means  he  came  into  the  service  of  my  Lord 
St.  Albans." 

On  the  Restoration,  John  Hervey — the  friend  and  patron  of  Cowley — 
was  returned  to  parliament,  and  became  treasurer  to  the  Queen.  "  He 
was"  says  Burnet,  "  one  whom  the  king  loved  personally ;  and  yet,  upon  a 
great  occasion,  he  voted  against  that  which  the  king  desired.  So  the  king 
chid  him  for  it.  The  next  day,  another  important  question  falling  in, 
he  voted  as  the  king  would  have  him.  So  the  king  took  notice  of  it  at 
night,  and  said,  '  You  were  not  against  me  to-day.'  He  answered,  '  No, 
sir,  I  was  against  my  conscience  to-day.'  This  was  so  gravely  delivered, 
that  the  king  seemed  pleased ;  and  it  was  much  talked  of." 

His  nephew,  John,  Baron  Hervey  of  Ickworth  and  first  Earl  of 
Bristol,  brings  us  with  the  Herveys  to  the  time  of  Marlborough;  and  if 
court  stories  be  true,  his  attention  to  a  royal  lady  was  less  fatal,  and  more 
graciously  rewarded,  than  in  the  instance  of  the  unfortunate  Seymours. 

But  the  Bristol  family  motto,  "  Je  n'oublieray  jamais,"  reminds  us  that 
the  title  was  due  to  the  friendly  offices  of  the  Duke  of  Marlborough,  as 
Lord  Bristol  tells  us,  in  a  letter,  9th  July,  1704;  in  which  he  assures  his 
grace  that  this  motto  bears  a  special  reference  to  his  perpetual  gratitude. 
The  Duchess  Sarah,  in  her  "  Account  of  her  Conduct,"  distinctly  states 
that  she  "  never  was  concerned  in  making  any  peer  but  my  lord  Hervey, 
the  present  Earl  of  Bristol.  I  had  made  a  promise  to  Sir  Thomas  Felton,* 
—Mrs.  Hervey's  father, — when  the  Queen  came  first  to  her  crown,  that 
if  her  Majesty  should  ever  make  any  new  lords,  I  would  use  my  interest 
that  Mr.  Hervey  should  be  one;  and  accordingly,  though  I  was  retired 
into  the  country  under  the  most  sensible  afiliction  for  the  death  of  my  only 
son,  &c." 

The  Lady  Mary  Hervey,  whose  praises  have  been  sung  by  Pope,  was 

*  His  mother  was  a  niece  of  James  Earl  of  Suffolk. 


the  daughter  of  General  Nicholas  Lepel,  lord  proprietor  of  Sark.  This  lady 
so  celebrated  for  her  wit  and  beauty,  was  one  of  the  maids  of  honour  to 
Caroline,  Princess  of  Wales,  and  a  principal  ornament  of  her  court.  The 
muses  of  Pope,  Gay,  Churchill,  and  Voltaire,  have  all  sung  her  praise ;  and 
Chesterfield  gives  her  character  in  these  words : 

"  Lady  Hervey  has  been  bred  all  her  life  in  courts ;  of  which  she  has  acquired  all  the  easy 
good  breeding  and  politeness,  without  the  frivolousness.  She  has  all  the  reading  that  a  woman 
should  have,  and  more  than  any  woman  need  have;  for  she  understands  Latin  perfectly  well, 

though  she  wisely  conceals  it No  woman  ever  had  more  than  she  has — Ce  ton  de 

la  parfaitement  bonne  compagnie,  des  manieres  engageantes,  et  le  je  ne  scais  quoi  que  plait." 

Lady  Louisa  Stuart,  who  connects  by  her  personal  reminiscences,  the 
past  with  the  present, — says,  in  her  "  Introductory  Anecdotes :" 

"  Lord  Hervey 's  avowed  enemies — Pope  for  one — went  out  of  their  way  to  compliment  and 
eulogize  her.  However,  their  praises  were  not  unmerited :  by  the  attentions  she  retained  in  age 
she  must  have  been  singularly  captivating  when  young,  gay,  and  handsome;  and  never  was 
there  so  perfect  a  model  of  the  finely  polished,  highly  bred,  genuine  woman  of  fashion.  Her 
manners  had  a  foreign  tinge,  which  some  called  affected,  but  they  were  gentle,  easy,  dignified, 
and  altogether  exquisitely  pleasing." 

Pope's  spite  against  Lord  John  Hervey,  her  husband, — which  every 
reader  of  the  Satires  so  well  remembers, — was  occasioned  solely  by  jealousy; 
for  Pope, — as  Lady  Mary  Wortley  Montague  and  Miss  Bellenden,  the  com- 
panion of  the  fair  Lepel,  have  told  us, — could  love,  despite  his  illness  and 
his  ugliness;  and  what  is  worse,  could  not  bear  to  be  laughed  at,  as  he 
fancied  himself  to  be,  when  all  his  lady  friends  were  married  off,  one  after 
another,  to  handsome  rivals.  He  liked  not  to  find  himself,  as  Aaron  Hill 

described  him — 

"  Tuneful  Alexis  on  the  Thames'  fair  side, 
The  ladies'  '  plaything,'  and  the  Muses'  pride !" 

Great  was  his  mortification  when  the  discovery  of  their  marriage  was 
made,  and  the  town  rang  with  the  celebrated  ballad  to  the  tune  of  Molly 
Mogg,  with  which  those  wicked  wits,  Pulteney  and  Lord  Chesterfield, 
hoaxed  Lady  Hervey : 



"  For  Venus  had  never  seen  bedded 

So  perfect  a  beau  and  a  belle, 
As  when  Hervey  the  handsome  was  wedded 
To  the  beautiful  Molly  Lepel." 

Posterity  has  done  Lord  John  Hervey  justice;  and  even  Walpole,  in  his 
"  Royal  and  Noble  Authors,"  acknowledges  his  great  merit.  That  they 
were  a  happy  couple  is  matter  of  history ;  and  that  to  the  many  graces, 
virtues,  and  beauties  that  adorned  Lady  Mary,  she  added  the  more  solid 
merits  of  woman, — as  a  daughter,  a  wife,  and  a  mother, — is  testified  by  her 
father-in-law,  Lord  Bristol.  That  her  virtues,  as  her  loveliness,  were 
hereditary,  we  can  instance  from  Churchill,  who  thus  speaks  of  her 
daughter  Caroline : 

"  That  face,  that  form,  that  dignity,  that  ease, 
Those  powers  of  pleasing,  with  the  will  to  please, 
By  which  Lepel,  when  in  her  youthful  days, 
Even  from  the  currish  Pope  extorted  praise, 
We  see  transmitted  in  her  daughter  shine, 
And  view  a  new  Lepel  in  Caroline !" 



THE  beautiful  subject  of  this  memoir,  CHARLOTTE  MARIA,  Countess  of 
Strathmore,  is  the  eldest  daughter  of  William  Keppel  Barrington,  Viscount 
Barrington,  of  Ardglass,  County  Down,  and  Baron  Barrington,  of  Newcastle, 
County  Dublin,  in  the  peerage  of  Ireland,  who  married  the  Hon.  Jane 
Elizabeth  Liddell,  fourth  daughter  of  Thomas  Lord  Ravensworth,  and  never 
were  the  ancestral  graces  and  the  traditionary  loveliness  of  that  ancient 
house  more  fully  and  more  faithfully  represented  than  in  the  noble  lady,  in 
the  attempt  to  trace  whose  lineaments  with  truthful  perfectness  the  art  of 
portraiture,  even  in  its  highest  elevation,  must  find  itself  defeated. 

The  family  of  her  ladyship's  father  is  of  old  Norman  descent;  but  the 
main  founder  of  its  modern  greatness  was  John  Shute,  Esq.,  son  of  Ben- 
jamin Shute,  Esq.,  who  was  bred  up  to  the  legal  profession,  and  seems,  if 
we  may  judge  from  contemporary  estimation,  to  have  been  universally 
respected  and  beloved  as  the  Wilberforce  and  Romilly  of  his  time. 

Dean  Swift,  in  writing  to  Archbishop  King,  in  a  letter  dated  June  30, 
1708,  speaks  of  him  as  follows: — "One  Mr.  Shute  is  named  for  secretary 
to  Lord  Wharton ;  he  is  a  young  man,  but  reckoned  the  shrewdest  head  in 
England,  and  the  person  in  whom  the  presbyterians  chiefly  confide ;  and  if 
money  be  necessary  towards  the  good  work  in  Ireland,"  (the  Repeal  of  the 
Sacramental  Test  alluded  to  in  another  part  of  the  Dean's  letter),  "  it  is 
reckoned  he  can  command  as  far  as  100,000/.  from  the  body  of  dissenters 
here.  As  to  his  principles,  he  is  truly  a  moderate  man,  frequenting  the 
church  and  the  meeting  indifferently." 

The  motto  of  the  Barrington  family  is  "  Honesta  quam   Splendida" 


("How  glorious  is  Honesty !")  :  it  should  rather  have  been,  "  Detur  Digniori," 
("  Let  it  be  given  to  the  most  worthy")  ;  since  this  Mr.  John  Shute  received 
by  will  from  a  certain  John  Wildman,  Esq.,  of  Becket,  in  Berkshire,  a  large 
landed  estate  there  situated,  (formerly  the  inheritance  of  Martin  the 
Eegicide,)  although  Mr.  Shute  was  not  allied,  and  was  almost  unknown 
personally  to  that  gentleman;  who  formally  declared  in  his  will  that  his 
only  reason  for  making  Mr.  Shute  his  heir  was,  that  he  regarded  him  as  the 
most  excellent  man  within  the  circle  of  his  acquaintance,  and  did  therefore 
adopt  him,  as  the  most  worthy,  to  be  his  heir,  after  the  manner  of  the 
Romans !  Nor  was  this  all — for  in  the  course  of  a  few  years  Francis  Bar- 
ririgton,  Esq.,  of  Tofts,  in  the  county  of  Essex,  who  had  married  Mr.  John 
Shute's  cousin,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Mr.  Samuel  Shute,  Sheriff  of  London, 
died  without  issue,  having  executed  a  similar  settlement  of  his  property 
in  favour  of  the  same  Mr.  John  Shute.  It  was  in  pursuance  of  this  last 
devise,  that  Mr.  Shute  adopted  the  arms  and  surname  of  "  Barrington," 
which  were  granted  to  him  by  act  of  parliament.  He  was  afterwards  raised 
to  the  peerage.  His  lordship  married  Anne,  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  Sir 
William  Daines,  by  whom  he  had  a  large  family,  of  whom  one  son  was  the 
gallant  Samuel  Barrington,  Admiral  of  the  White — whose  flag  now  adorns 
the  village  church  of  Becket ;  another,  Daines  Barrington,  a  king's  counsel 
and  justice  of  Chester,  and  another,  the  Right  Rev.  Dr.  Shute  Barrington, 
Bishop  of  Durham. 

On  the  paternal  side,  therefore,  the  Countess  of  Strathinore  is  related 
to  the  Anstruthers  of  Hindlesham  Hall,  Suffolk,  the  Earl  of  Dartmouth, 
the  Earl  of  Chichester,  the  Earl  of  Albemarle,  the  Thornycrofts  of  Thorny- 
croft  Hall,  Cheshire,  the  Lovells,  the  Clarges,  and  the  Gilberts. 

On  the  maternal  side,  through  the  Liddells  and  the  Ravensworths,  her 
ladyship  is  connected  with  the  family  of  Lord  George  Seymour,  the  Wellesleys, 
the  Lane  Foxes,  the  Marquis  of  Normanby,  the  family  of  Sir  Hedworth 


Williamson,  Bart.,  the  Yillierses,  the  Earl  of  Hardwick,  and  Lord  Bloom- 
field.  In  the  earlier  portions  of  the  genealogy  of  this  ancient  family  of  the 
Liddells  her  ladyship  comes  in  relation  with  the  Sir  Thomas  Lee  who 
married  Bridget  Lee,  of  Woodward,  Maid  of  Honour  to  the  Queen  of 
Bohemia, — and  through  him  with  the  daughter  of  Sir  Harry  Vane,  of  Kaby 
Castle,  whose  son  married  the  daughter  of  the  gallant  Colonel  Sir  John 
Bright,  who  beat  up  the  quarters  of  Lord  Newcastle  and  the  royalist 
forces  at  Wakefield,  and  governed  Sheffield  for  the  Parliament,  who 
could  afford  to  affront  Cromwell,  when  he  aimed  at  sovereignty,  and  who, 
retiring  from  the  field,  aided,  in  after  years,  in  restoring  the  monarchy  as 
the  best  guarantee  for  the  peace  and  prosperity  of  the  country. 

Her  ladyship's  husband,  Thomas  George  Lyon  Bowes,  Viscount  Lyon 
and  Baron  Glamis,  Tannadyce,  Seidlaw,  and  Stradichtie,  in  the  peerage  of 
Scotland,  Earl  of  Strathmore  and  Kinghorn,  is  the  representative  of  a  long 
line  of  the  great  feudal  chiefs  of  Scotland,  although  the  founder  of  the  family 
is  said  to  have  been  a  certain  Leoni,  or  Lyon,  who  came  over  from  France, 
and  found  great  favour  in  the  eyes  of  King  Edgar,  from  whom  he  ob- 
tained considerable  grants  of  land  in  Perthshire.  The  first  Sir  John 
Lyon  on  record  married  the  Lady  Jane  Stuart,  youngest  daughter  of  King 
Robert  II. ;  the  second  Sir  John  wedded  the  Lady  Elizabeth  Graham, 
daughter  of  the  Earl  of  Strathern;  the  third,  Patrick,  was  one  of  the 
hostages  sent  to  England  by  the  Scotch  as  security  for  the  ransom  of  their 
king,  James  I., — and  as  to  the  sixth  Lord,  he  saw  his  lady  burnt  before 
his  eyes  on  the  Castle  Hill  at  Edinburgh,  on  an  accusation  of  attempting 
the  life  of  James  V.  by  witchcraft, — and  then  was  dashed  to  pieces  on  the 
rocks  while  attempting  to  escape  from  the  Castle.  Their  son  was  respited 
from  execution,  and  lived  to  hear  that  his  accusers  had  confessed  the  whole 
story  to  be  a  fabrication,  and  then  came  out  of  prison  restored  to  all  his 
honours  and  estate. 


But  all  the  romance  of  the  family  of  Strathmore  is  not  confined  to  the 
male  branches, — there  is  a  sad  story  of  an  heiress,  Eleanor  Bowes,  who  mar- 
ried John,  the  ninth  Earl. 

This  Miss  Eleanor  Mary  Bowes,  the  heiress  of  Gibside,  was  the  repre- 
sentative of  the  second  marriage  of  her  ancestor,  Sir  George  Bowes,  "  the 
surest  Pyllore  the  Queen's  Majestic  had  in  these  (the  northern)  Partes"  at 
the  time  of  the  rising  of  the  North.  On  the  outbreak  of  this  "  Rebellion  of 
the  Five  Wounds,"  which  involved  in  ruin  the  great  houses  of  Percy  and 
Nevill,  Sir  George  Bowes,  of  Streatham,  the  main  prop  of  Elizabeth's  govern- 
ment in  Durham,  threw  himself  into  Barnard  Castle,  as  a  royal  fortress ;  and, 
after  a  gallant  defence  of  eleven  days  against  the  forces  of  the  rebel  Earls, 
which  afforded  time  to  the  Lords  Warwick  and  Sussex  to  advance  and  sup- 
press the  rising,  surrendered  on  honourable  terms.  In  an  ancient  ballad,  the 
siege  is  thus  commemorated : — 

Then  Sir  George  Bowes,  he  straightway  rose, 

After  them  some  spoyle  to  make; 
These  noble  erles  turned  back  againe, 

And  aye  they  vowed  that  knight  to  take. 

That  Baron  he  to  his  castle  fled; 

To  Barnard  Castle  then  fled  he; 
The  uttermost  walls  were  eathe  to  win, 

The  erles  have  won  them  presentlie. 

The  uttermost  walls  were  lime  and  brick; 

But  though  they  won  them  soon  anone, 
Long  ere  they  won  the  innermost  walles, 

For  they  were  cut  in  brick  and  stone. 

Immediately  after  the  suppression  of  the  insurrection,  Barnard  Castle 
was  leased  for  twenty-one  years  to  Sir  George  Bowes,  in  requital  of  his 
faithful  and  important  services. 

Miss  Eleanor  Bowes,  the  weak  descendant  of  this  stout  Sir  George, 
was  the  heiress  of  Gibside,  and  the  proprietress,  in  consequence,  of  some 


of  the  largest  collieries  in  the  county  of  Durham.  Old  Mr.  Scott,  the 
father  of  Lord  Eldon,  was  the  fitter,  or  manager  of  the  labour  depart- 
ment of  these  collieries ;  and  it  is  singular  that  to  the  romantic  silliness  of 
this  lady  the  legal  world  is  indebted  for  the  appearance  of  those  shining 
luminaries  of  the  law — Lords  Eldon  and  Stowell.  John,  ninth  Earl  of 
Strathmore,  married  this  wealthy  young  lady  in  1767,  and  left  her  a  sprightly 
widow  in  1776,  with  five  children.  The  Countess  of  Strathmore  was  a  lady 
of  much  imagination  and  vivacity  of  temper,  but  of  weak  and  wavering  mind. 
Her  wealth  and  her  beauty  soon  brought  suitors  around  her,  and  amongst 
others  appeared,  most  prominently,  an  impudent  Irish  adventurer,  a  lieute- 
nant in  a  marching  regiment,  one  Andrew  Stoney.  His  incessant  attentions 
and  professions  excited  the  lady's  imagination ;  and  when,  on  some  libellous 
verses  appearing  against  her  in  the  "  Morning  Post"  (which,  by-the-bye, 
were  written  by  himself),  he  publicly  challenged  and  fought  (by  private 
arrangement  between  themselves)  the  editor,  Dudley  Bate,  and  then  appeared 
with  a  few  scratches  (known  to  have  been  inflicted  by  himself)  before  her 
ladyship, — she  surrendered  at  discretion.  The  sham  duel  was  fought  on 
the  13th  of  January,  1777,  and  the  marriage  took  place  at  St.  James's 
Church  on  the  17th. 

"  On  this  occasion,"  says  Mr.  Surtees,  in  his  Memoirs  of  Lords  Eldon 
and  Stowell,  "  Lady  Strathmore  is  said  to  have  evinced,  by  the  composition 
of  the  following  lines,  that  the  Muses  had  not  been  ungrateful  for  the  cul- 
tivation which  she  had  bestowed  upon  them.  Alas !  that  their  aid  should 
have  been  invoked  in  such  a  cause ! 

Unmoved,  Maria  saw  the  splendid  suite 

Of  rival  captives  sighing  at  her  feet, 

Till  in  her  cause  his  sword  young  Stoney  drew, 

And  to  revenge  the  gallant  wooer  flew : 

Bravest  among  the  brave !  and  first  to  prove, 

By  death  or  conquest,  who  best  knew  to  love ! 


But  pale  and  faint  the  wounded  lover  lies, 

While  more  than  pity  fills  Maria's  eyes. 

In  her  soft  breast,  where  passion  long  had  strove, 

Resistless  sorrow  fixed  the  reign  of  love. 

"  Dear  youth,"  she  cries,  "  we  meet,  no  more  to  part; 

Then  take  thy  honours  due — my  bleeding  heart." 

The  beggar  was  now  on  horseback, — Mr.  Andrew  Stoney  assumed 
the  surname  and  arms  of  Bowes,  took  possession  of  Streatlam  Castle,  and 
lived  a  roaring  life  both  in  Durham  and  London.  The  younger  Scotts  acted 
as  his  agents  in  law  and  election  matters,  and  were  thus  brought  forward  in 
life.  The  Countess,  who  had  paid  £12,000  immediately  after  her  mar- 
riage, to  compromise  an  action  for  breach  of  promise,  brought  by  Mr. 
Grey,  whom  she  had  jilted,  now  found  that,  in  the  words  of  Franklin, 
she  had  "paid  too  dear  for  her  whistle."  Stoney,  elevated  by  her  love, 
and  supported  in  his  assumed  rank  by  the  wealth  of  his  confiding  wife,  treated 
her  with  ridicule  and  insult,  laughed  at  her  vanities,  jeered  her  whims,  and 
finally  resorted  to  such  brutality, — though  she  minded  his  neglect  more 
than  all — that  she  contrived  to  escape  from  the  durance  in  which  he  held 
her,  and  threw  herself  upon  the  protection  of  the  Court  of  King's  Bench. 
The  Lord  Chief  Justice  appointed  a  constable  to  protect  her,  but  Stoney 
bribed  this  man,  and  again  carried  off  the  Countess,  who  was  finally  rescued 
from  him  by  a  strong  party  just  as  he  had  thrown  her  across  his  horse, 
and  was  galloping  off.  She  was  fortunate  enough,  finally,  to  obtain  a 
divorce;  and  the  ruffian  died  in  penury. 


Miss  EMILY  DAWSON  (whose  sister,  late  Maid  of  Honour  to  Her  Majesty, 
married  the  Hon.  William  Parnell,  eldest  brother  and  heir  presumptive  to 
John  Yesey  Parnell,  second  Baron  Congleton,  of  the  County  of  Chester)  is 
the  second  daughter  of  the  Honourable  Lionel  Charles,  fourth  son  of  John, 
second  Viscount  and  first  Earl  of  Portarlington,  Queen's  County,  and  of  the 
Lady  Elizabeth  Dawson,  third  daughter  of  George  Frederic,  seventh  Earl 
of  Westmeath,  and  sister,  by  the  half-blood,  of  the  present  Marquis  of  West- 
meath, — and  grand-daughter  of  Charles,  first  Marquis  of  Drogheda, 

On  her  paternal  side,  the  female  blood,  brought  into  relationship  with 
Miss  Emily  Dawson,  is  that  of  the  Hertfords  and  Seymours,  the  Ponsonbys 
and  the  Besboroughs,  the  Falmouths,  the  Coles,  Baronets  of  Newland,  the 
Robartes  of  Radnor,  the  Spencers  of  Wormleigh,  the  Wriothesleys  and  the 
Southamptons,  the  Loftuses  and  the  Elys,  the  Colleys  of  Castle  Colley, 
County  Meath, — the  noble  family  of  the  Dawsons  of  Dawsons'  Court, 
and  the  Carlows,  the  Dawson-Damers,  the  Luttrells  and  the  Carhamptons, 
and, — by  the  Portarlingtons, — the  Lowthers  and  the  Lonsdales,  the  Apple- 
girths  of  Scotland,  the  Prestons  of  Ardvallagh,  the  Darners  of  Dorset,  and 
the  Earl  of  Bute. 

On  the  maternal  side,  Miss  Emily  Dawson  claims  a  relationship  with 
the  Whites  of  Pickfordstown,  County  Kildare,  the  Stapletons,  the  Counts 
Molza  of  Modena,  the  Nugents  of  Dysart,  the  Bullers  and  the  Ormondes, 
the  Riverstons,  and  the  Earls  of  Kildare— the  Morrises  and  the  Droghedas, 


the  Mountcashels  and  the  Trenches,  the  Lord  Southwell,  and  the  Marquis 
of  Drogheda. 

The  ancient  family  of  the  Darners  of  Came,  in  the  county  of  Dor- 
chester, whence  were  derived  the  Darners,  Earls  of  Dorchester,  have  been 
infused,  as  it  were,  and  taken  up  into  the  family  of  the  Dawsons  and 
Portarlingtons  by  the  marriage,  in  1737,  of  Mary,  the  eldest  daughter  of 
Joseph  Darner,  Esq.,  of  Came,  father  of  the  first  Earl  of  Dorchester,  with 
William  Henry  Dawson,  the  first  Baron  Dawson,  and  Viscount  Carlow,  the 
great  grandfather  of  the  fair  subject  of  our  present  memoir.  The  pro- 
perty of  the  Darners  ultimately  passed  into  the  Dawson  family,  on  the  death 
of  Lady  Caroline  Darner,  in  1829 — and  the  uncles  of  Miss  Emily  Dawson 
have  added  that  name  to  their  own.  Nor  could  a  better  portrait  be  drawn 
of  the  female  descendants  of  this  union  of  old  families,  than  by  reverting  to 
that  sketched  some  years  since,  of  the  Hon.  Mrs.  Anne  Dainer,  daughter  of 
General  Conway,  the  beloved  friend  of  Horace  Walpole,  who,  having  under- 
taken the  young  lady's  education,  did  all  that  lay  in  the  power  of  friendship, 
cultivated  taste,  and  polished  society,  to  render  the  young  lady  as  complete 
in  every  classical  perfection  of  the  mind  as  nature  had  made  her  in  person. 
"  In  a  short  time  she  was  regarded  with  eyes  of  admiration  by  persons  of 
all  ages,  rank,  and  situations.  Mothers  proposed  her  as  a  model  to  their 
daughters ;  and  daughters,  not  knowing  how  to  envy  Avhat  engaged  their 
love,  tried  to  copy  her  plan  of  life,  her  looks,  her  manners,  nay,  even  her 


THE  LADY  MANNERS  is  the  wife  of  John  Thomas  Manners  Sutton,  Baron 
Manners,  of  Foston,  Lincolnshire,  who,  in  the  year  1842,  succeeded 
his  father,  the  Right  Hon.  Thomas  Manners  Sutton,  late  Lord  Chan- 
cellor of  Ireland,  and  also  Baron  Manners,  of  Foston.  It  may  be  re- 
marked, amongst  the  most  singular  coincidences  of  the  period,  that  one 
individual,  John  third  Duke  of  Rutland,  should  number  among  his 
children,  as  his  first  son,  the  world-famous  Marquis  of  Granby,  from  whom 
proceeded  that  Lord  Robert  Manners,  whose  gallant  but  untimely  fall  Avhile 
commanding  the  RESOLUTION,  74  guns,  in  that  ever-memorable  action  of 
Sir  George  Rodney's  in  the  West  Indies,  on  the  12th  of  April,  1782,  drew 
down  a  nation's  sympathetic  tears, — and,  secondly,  Lord  George  Manners 
Sutton,  of  whose  sons  one  has  been  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  one,  Speaker 
of  the  House  of  Commons,  one,  Lord  Chancellor  of  Ireland,  and  two  of  them 
created  peers  of  the  realm— the  Viscount  Canterbury,  and  the  Baron 
Manners,  of  Foston.  Into  further  details  of  this  illustrious  family  it  is 
unnecessary  to  enter :  from  that  Robert  de  Manners  who  first  walled  Ethale 
and  dealt  for  peace  on  behalf  of  King  Edward  III.  with  David  Bruce  and 
his  adherents,  to  the  Thomas  thirteenth  Lord  Ros,  Knight  of  the  Garter 
and  first  Earl  of  Rutland,  and  down  to  the  last  and  present  duke,  the 
Rutlands  and  the  Manners  have  always  filled  the  most  honourable  offices  in 
the  State,  while  they  have  cast  upon  these  a  new  lustre  by  their  talents, 
rather  than  ennobled  them  by  their  rank. 

Her  Ladyship  is  the  third  daughter  of  Captain  William  Bateman  Dash- 
wood,  R.N.,  and  is  related,  on  the  paternal  side,  by  the  female  branches, 


to  the  Lisles,  of  Crux  Easton,  Wilts,  and  Moyles  Court,  Hants,  whose 
ancestor,  the  great  Sir  John  Lisle,  was  one  of  the  first  twelve  Knights  of 
the  Garter  and  Lord  High  Admiral  of  England,  and  a  valiant  crusader;— 
he  lies  buried  in  St.  George's  Chapel,  Windsor,  where  his  arms  may  be  seen 
emblazoned,  and  where  many  a  tale  is  even  yet  told  to  his  honour, — also  to 
the  Lady  Lisle,  who  suffered  death,  at  the  cruel  instance  of  Judge  Jefferies, 
in  the  Monmouth  Rebellion,  for  giving  food  and  shelter  to  two  starving 
dissenting  ministers,  who  had  escaped  from  the  defeat  of  the  rebel  army  at 
Sedo-emoor;  also  to  the  Phillips's,  Baronets  of  Garendoii;  the  Marches,  of 
Witterley  Park,  Cambridgeshire ;  the  Dashwoods,  of  Wells,  Lincolnshire ; 
the  Earls  of  Malmsbury,  the  Earls  of  Effingham,  the  Earls  of  Lauderdale, 
and  numerous  other  noble  families. 

Captain  Dash  wood  entered  the  navy,  August  1799,  at  the  age  of  nine 
years,  served  under  Rear-Admiral  Graves,  in  the  DEFIANCE  74,  at  the 
battle  of  Copenhagen,  when  eleven  years  of  age,  and  was  appointed  mid- 
shipman at  thirteen  in  the  IRIS,  under  the  late  Lord  Gambier.  His  many 
gallant  services  are  recorded  in  the  Gazettes  from  1807  to  1811,  when  he 
lost  his  right  arm  in  the  hard-fought  action  in  which  the  ACTIVE  captured 
LE  POMONE.  From  this  date  to  1816  he  distinguished  himself  on  many 
occasions,  and  was  present  at  the  bombardment  of  Algiers,  on  the  night 
previous  to  which  one  of  his  chivalrous  achievements  is  thus  recorded  by 
Lord  Exmouth  in  his  dispatches. 

"  Captain  Dashwood  had  with  difficulty  succeeded  in  bringing  away,  disguised  in  midship- 
man's uniform,  the  wife  and  daughter  of  the  consul,  leaving  a  boat  to  bring  off  their  infant  child 
coming  down  in  a  basket  with  the  surgeon,  who  thought  he  had  composed  it,  but  it  unhappily 
cried  in  the  gateway,  and,  in  consequence,  the  surgeon,  three  midshipmen — in  all  eighteen 
persons,  were  seized  and  confined  as  slaves  in  the  usual  dungeons.  The  child  was  sent  off  next 
morning  by  the  Dey,  and,  as  a  solitary  instance  of  his  humanity,  it  ought  to  be  recorded." 

Captain  Dashwood  accepted  the  retirement  in  1840,  and  receives  a 
pension  of  200?.,  in  consideration  of  his  wound.  He  married,  17th  April, 
1820,  Louisa  Henrietta,  only  daughter  of  Frederick  Bode,  Esq. 



THE  late  Lord  Barrington  was  once  asked  by  a  German  prince,  "  Pray,  my 
lord,  of  what  rank  is  an  esquire  in  England?"  His  lordship  replied,  "  Sir, 
I  cannot  exactly  tell  you,  as  you  have  no  equivalent  for  it  in  Germany ;  but 
an  English  esquire  is  considerably  above  a  German  baron,  and  something 
below  a  German  prince."  If  ever  this  were  true  of  any  English  private 
family,  it  is  eminently  so  of  that  family,  the  virtues  and  the  traditionary 
beauty  of  the  female  branch  of  which,  are  represented  in  the  subject  of 
the  portrait  now  before  us.  Miss  Georgiana  Buckley  is  the  eldest  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  Henry  William  Buckley,  the  third  son  of  Edward  Percy 
Buckley,  Esq.,  of  Woolcombe  Hall,  Dorset,  and  Minesteed  Lodge,  Hants, 
Lieut. -Colonel  of  the  South- west  Hants  Militia,  who  filled  for  thirty  years 
the  office  of  first  equerry,  and  afterwards  groom  of  the  bed-chamber  to 
George  III.,  and  who  was  not  only  one  of  those  men  whom  kings  delight  to 
honour,  but  to  whom  they  pay  the  even  higher  compliment  of  always 
keeping  them  about  their  persons.  Colonel  Buckley  died  at  the  good  old 
age  of  eighty-one,  and  was  succeeded  by  the  present  representative  of  the 
family,  Lieut. -Col.  Edward  Pery  Buckley,  of  the  Coldstream  Guards, 
formerly  page  of  honour  to  George  III.,  and  now  an  equerry  to  her  Majesty. 

The  first  Colonel  Buckley  married,  in  1782,  the  Lady  Georgiana  West, 
daughter  of  John,  second  Earl  De  la  Warr,  of  Angus,  a  lady  of  the  bed- 
chamber to  the  Princesses,  daughters  of  George  III. :  through  her  grand- 
mother, therefore,  Miss  Buckley  is  descended  from  many  of  the  most  distin- 
guished families  in  the  kingdom. 

On  the  maternal  side,  Miss  Buckley  may  boast  a  descent  through 


many  channels  from  the  royal  houses  of  England,  Scotland,  and  France. 
The  Johnstones,  of  Westerhall,  co.  Dumfries,  have  been  from  time  to  time 
honourably  allied  with  the  Lords  Oliphant,  Douglas,  Traquair,  and  Elibank ; 
and  with  the  noble  and  knightly  families  of  Somerville,  Scott,  Lockhart, 
Gramme,  the  Earl  of  Bath,  &c.  Their  most  immediate  royal  descent  is  from 
King  James  II. ,  of  Scotland,  and  his  queen,  Mary  of  Gueldres.  The  late 
Sir  John  Lowther  Johnstone,  Bart.,  M.P.  for  Weymouth,  was  one  of  the 
claimants  of  the  Annandale  Peerage.  He  succeeded  his  uncle,  Sir  William 
Johnstone  Pulteney,  Bart.,  and  left  issue  by  his  wife,  Miss  Gordon,  of 
Cluney,  three  children ;  of  whom  Charlotte  Margaret,  the  eldest  daughter, 
became  the  wife  of  the  Rev.  Henry  Buckley. 

The  family  of  the  Buckleys,  or  Bulkeleys,  is  of  a  very  ancient  Welsh 
extraction,  and  derived  from  a  common  ancestry  with  that  of  the  Lord 
Bulkeley, — of  which  family,  indeed,  that  of  the  Buckleys  is,  by  lineal  descent, 
the  true  representative.  The  present  branch  at  one  time  possessed  ancient 
property  in  Whitechapel,  where  their  family  arms  are  engraved  in  stone 
upon  several  old  manorial  buildings.  Nor  is  this  to  be  wondered  at,  as 
we  learn  from  Stow  and  the  older  writers  on  topographical  antiquities,  that 
it  was  the  custom  of  the  great  families  to  have  their  country  houses  and 
villas  in  Whitechapel,  Bow,  and  that  now  distasteful  neighbourhood,  which 
was  then  pleasant  fields,  and  groves,  and  rural  lanes,  through  which  mur- 
mured the  gentle  Lea — the  delight  and  solace  of  the  anglers  of  that  period, 
as  we  learn  from  Izaak  Walton. 

On  the  paternal  side,  Miss  Buckley  enumerates  amongst  her  kindred, 
relatives,  and  family  connexions,  the  Earl  of  Radnor,  the  ancient  Earls  of 
Lincoln  and  through  the  Bulkeleys  of  the  ancient  Cheshire  branch,  by  inter- 
marriage, a  line  of  ancestors  reaching  up  to  Owen  Tudor, — and  a  long  way 
beyond  him,  if  genealogies  are  to  be  accredited.  The  title  and  property 
passed  out  of  the  family  by  the  marriage  of  Emma,  Viscountess  Dowager 
Bulkeley, — only  daughter  and  heiress  of  Thomas  Rowlands,  Esq.,  of  Nant, 


in  Caernarvonshire,  and  widow  of  the  seventh  Viscount  Bulkeley, — to  Sir 
Hugh  William,  Bart.,  and  by  the  subsequent  decease  of  her  son,  Thomas 
James  Warren,  the  seventh  Viscount,  without  issue,  whereby  the  property 
of  the  Rowlands,  the  property  of  the  Owens  of  Peniarth,  Merionethshire, 
and  a  greater  portion  of  that  of  the  Bulkeleys,  passed  into  the  family  of 
the  Williams  of  Penrhyn — the  present  representative  of  which,  Sir  Richard 
Bulkeley  Williams  Bulkeley,  assumed  by  sign  manual,  in  1827,  the  additional 
surname  of  Bulkeley.  The  family  of  Buckley,  however,  have  always  borne 
the  arms  of  the  elder  branch  of  the  family — Sa.  a  chevron,  between  three 
bulls'  heads,  embossed,  arg. ;  crest,  out  of  a  ducal  coronet,  or,  a  bull's  head, 
arg.,  armed  of  the  first.  Motto — Nee  temere,  nee  timide.  The  Bulkeleys  of 
Stanlow  bore,  for  some  time,  the  arms  of  the  former  branch, — two  chevronels 
between  three  bulls'  heads,  caboshed,  arg., — but  they  have  of  late  years 
assumed  also  those  of  the  elder  branch. 

By  female  descent,  on  the  paternal  side,  Miss  Buckley  is  related  to 
the  Earls  De  la  Warr,  the  Stanhopes  and  the  Chesterfields,  the  Mitchells 
of  Culham  Court,  Berks,  the  Myddeltons  of  Chirk  Castle,  Denbighshire,  the 
Whinyards,  the  Earl  of  Clancarty,  the  Wilds  of  Droitwich,  the  Mortimers 
of  Mortimer's  Hall,  in  the  county  of  Southampton,  the  Poynings,  the  old 
Lord  Hungerford,  the  ancient  baronial  family  of  the  Wests,  the  Cantilupes 
of  Hempston-Cantilupe,  Devonshire,  the  Lords  Mowbray,  the  Barons  St. 
Amand,  the  Cowleys  of  Gatton,  Surrey,  the  Fitzherberts  of  Somerset,  &c. 
Indeed,  it  would  be  impossible  to  enumerate  the  various  branches  of  ancient 
and  noble  families  which  have  been  made  to  intertwine  with  the  ancestral 
tree  of  the  Buckleys  by  the  fair  fingers  of  their  female  ancestresses— for 
none  other  have  we  enumerated.  Of  the  many  historical  recollections 
which  crowd  themselves  on  such  a  theme,  there  is  one  of  the  stout  Baron 
Roger  La  Warr,  third  baron,  who  shared  in  the  glory  of  Poictiers,  and  was 
one  of  those  brave  Englishmen,  who  beat  in  the  guard  of  King  John  of 
France,  struck  down,  successively,  two  lords,  who  bore  his  royal  banner, 


and  finally  captured  the  king  himself.  Who  is  there  that  cannot  realize  to 
his  mind's  eye  the  scene  so  vividly  described  by  Froissart,  who  tells  the 
story  as  he  had  it  from  an  eye-witness?— 

"  As  soon  as  the  two  marshals  were  come  back,  the  prince  asked  them  if  they  knew  any- 
thing of  the  King  of  France  1  They  replied,  <  No,  Sir,  not  for  a  certainty;  but  we  believe  he 
must  be  either  killed  or  made  prisoner,  since  he  has  never  quitted  his  battalion.'  The  prince, 
then,  addressing  the  Earl  of  Warwick  and  Lord  Cobham,  said:  'I  beg  of  you  to  mount  your  horses, 
and  ride  over  the  field,  so  that  on  your  return  you  may  bring  me  some  certain  intelligence  of 
bim.'  The  two  barons,  immediately  mounting  their  horses,  left  the  prince,  and  made  for  a  small 
hillock,  that  they  might  look  about  them;  from  thence  they  perceived  a  crowd  of  men-at-arms, 
on  foot,  who  were  advancing  very  slowly.  The  King  of  France  was  in  the  midst  of  them,  and 
in  great  danger;  for  the  English  and  Gascons  had  taken  him  from  Sir  Denys  de  Morbeque,  and 
were  disputing  who  should  have  him,  the  stoutest  bawling  out,  '  It  is  I  that  have  got  him.' 
'  No,  no,'  replied  others;  '  we  have  him.'  The  King,  to  escape  from  this  peril,  said,  '  Gentlemen, 
gentlemen,  I  pray  you  to  conduct  me  and  my  son,  in  a  courteous  manner,  to  my  cousin  the 
prince ;  and  do  not  make  such  a  riot  about  my  capture,  for  I  am  so  great  a  lord  that  I  can 
make  all  sufficiently  rich.'  These  words,  and  others  which  fell  from  the  king,  appeased  them  a 
little ;  but  the  disputes  were  always  beginning  again,  and  they  did  not  move  a  step  without 
rioting.  When  the  two  barons  saw  this  troop  of  people,  they  descended  from  the  hillock,  and 
sticking  spurs  into  their  horses,  made  up  to  them.  On  their  arrival,  they  asked  what  was  the 
matter  :  they  were  answered  that  it  was  the  King  of  France,  who  had  been  made  prisoner,  and 
that  upwards  of  ten  knights  and  squire?  challenged  him  at  the  same  time,  as  belonging  to  each 
of  them.  The  two  barons  then  pushed  through  the  crowd  by  main  force,  and  ordered  all  to 
draw  aside.  They  commanded,  in  the  name  of  the  prince  and  under  pain  of  instant  death, 
that  every  one  should  keep  his  distance,  and  not  approach  unless  ordered  or  desired  so  to  do. 
They  all  retreated  behind  the  king;  and  the  two  barons,  dismounting,  advanced  towards  the 
king  with  profound  reverences,  and  conducted  him  in  a  peaceable  manner  to  the  Prince  of 

Amongst  the  ten  knights  and  squires  who  claimed  the  honour  of 
the  king's  capture,  two  alone  were  enabled  to  support  their  pretensions 
to  the  satisfaction  of  the  Prince  of  Wales  and  his  Council  of  Barons, 
Sir  Roger  La  Warr,  and  Sir  John  Pelham,  the  ancestor  of  the  Dukes  of 
Newcastle  and  of  the  Lords  Pelham  and  Yarborough.  These  received, 
as  their  guerdon, — in  testimony  of  their  valiant  exploit, — the  Lord  De  la 
Warr  the  crampet  or  chape  of  the  sword  of  the  captive  king,  and  Sir  John 
Pelham  the  buckle  of  his  belt — knightly  mementoes  of  a  gallant  achieve- 
ment ! 



THE  gentle  face  which  beams  forth  so  kindly  from  the  opposite  page  upon 
the  reader  of  this  memoir  is  the  representative  of  an  old  English  Somerset- 
shire and  Devonshire  family,  who,  if  royal  lineage  were  of  much  importance 
to  enhance  the  sturdy  worth  that  has  distinguished  them  for  eighteen 
generations,  could  boast  that  in  the  nineteenth  the  blood  of  Loth-brig,  or 
Loth-brook,  the  Dane, — who  held  the  bridge  against  a  pursuing  host  of 
Saxons,  and  rallied  his  recreant  followers  back  to  conquest,  in  some  time 
subsequent  to  Alfred — was  united  with  that  of  King  Edward  I.  The  arms 
of  the  family  emblazon  the  legend  of  their  origin  in  the  two  ravens,  their 
supporters,  and  the  "  argent  over  water,  proper,  a  bridge  of  five  arches 
turreted,  gules,  in  chief,  an  eagle  displayed,  sable.  Crest  out  of  a  mural 
crown,  a  demi-eagle  displayed  proper." 

The  original  of  this  portrait  is  the  daughter  of  Sir  John  Hesketh 
Lethbridge,  of  Sandhill  Park,  Somersetshire,  baronet,  by  his  second  wife 
Julia,  daughter  of  Sir  Hugh  Hoare,  of  Stourhead,  Wilts. 

The  family  of  Lethbridge  is  of  great  antiquity,  the  present  Baronet 
claiming  to  be  nineteenth  in  direct  descent  from  King  Edward  I.  They 
have  possessed  through  many  generations  extensive  property  in  the  counties 
of  Devon  and  Somerset ;  and  have  allied  themselves  by  intermarriage  with 
many  of  the  most  powerful  families  in  the  West  of  England. 

The  grandfather  of  Miss  Lethbridge,  Sir  Thomas  Buckler  Lethbridge, 
was  Colonel  of  the  second  regiment  of  Somersetshire   Militia,  and  repre- 


sented  the  County  in  the  House  of  Commons,  where  for  upwards  of  twenty 
years  he  was  a  distinguished  leader  of  the  agricultural  party. 

The  very  mention  of  the  name  of  Lethbridge  seems  to  call  up  before  the 
mind  a  vision  of  the  hard-fought  party  contests  of  the  latter  years  of  George 
IV.,  when  the  country  party,  headed  by  Sir  Thomas  Lethbridge,  rallied  round 
the  ministry,  and  did  stout  battle  to  stay  the  torrent  of  perilous  innovation 
on  the  commerce,  the  agriculture,  and  the  constitution  of  the  country.  But 
Sir  Thomas  Lethbridge  was  a  generous  and  a  manly  opponent — and  more 
than  once  the  country  party  stepped  forth  to  check  the  proceedings  of  a 
government,  who  thought  that  because  they  always  had  a  majority,  they 
might  deal  with  the  people  as  they  pleased,  or  sacrifice  the  interests  of  the 
Country  to  the  wishes  of  a  Court.  The  clear  good  sense,  the  firm  unshaken 
integrity,  and  the  true,  honest,  and  loyal  spirit  of  English  Gentlemen  were 
then  best  represented,  when  during  twenty  years  Sir  Thomas  Lethbridge 
was  leader  of  the  country  party  in  the  House  of  Commons. 

On  the  mother's  side  we  find,  in  1713,  Sir  Richard  Hoare  representing 
the  City  of  London  in  Parliament.  In  1758  was  born  Sir  R.  Colt  Hoare, 
F.R.S.,  &c.  &c.,  the  celebrated  antiquary,  and  historian  of  Stonehenge.  This 
gentleman  married  Hester,  daughter  of  the  first  Lord  Lyttelton. 

Sir  John  Hesketh  Lethbridge,  who  succeeded  to  the  title  as  third 
baronet  at  the  decease  of  his  father,  17th  October,  1849,  married  first, 
27th  March,  1817,  Harriett  Rebecca,  only  daughter  of  John  Mytton,  Esq., 
of  Halston,  county  Salop,  and  of  Dinas  Mowddy,  county  Merioneth,  by 
whom  (who  died  13th  March,  1826)  he  has  had,  Thomas  Christopher 
Mytton,  Lieutenant  of  the  85th  regiment,  (died  31st  March,  1844,  at 
St.  Kitt's;)  John  Periam,  born  9th  November,  1824;  Harriet  Agatha 
Mytton,  married  in  1840,  to  Henry  Pratt,  Esq.;  Jessy  Catherine  Hesketh; 
Annette,  married  22nd  February,  1840,  to  Christopher  G.  R.  Collins,  Esq., 
of  Helena  House,  Sidmouth ;  Caroline  Gifford,  married  at  Paris,  to  John 


Tharp  Burton  Phillipson,  Esq.,  eldest  son  of  the  late  Rev.  Burton  Phillipson 
Phillipson,  of  Herringswell  House,  county  Suffolk. 

Sir  John  married,  secondly,  15th  March,  1827,  Julia,  second  daughter 
of  Sir  Henry  Hugh  Hoare,  Bart.,  and  has  other  issue,  Wroth  Acland,  born 
28th  January,  1831,  an  officer  in  the  Rifle  Brigade;  Ernest  Acland,  R.X., 
H.M.S.  Trafalgar,  died  at  Malta,  1st  May,  1848;  Albert  Arthur  Erin,  born 
in  Ireland,  24th  May,  1844;  Walter  Buckler,  born  9th  March,  1845;  Ada 
Cicely  Georgina,  married  3rd  May,  1845,  to  George  Stone,  Esq.,  eldest  son 
of  George  Stone,  Esq.,  late  of  the  7th  Hussars,  of  Ellsworth,  county 
Northampton;  Adora  Julia,  married  10th  January,  1848,  to  Peter  Wells, 
Esq.,  of  Forest  Farm,  Windsor  Forest,  and  died  in  1850;  Anna  Maria; 
Grace  Catherine;  Alda  Gertrude;  Agnes  Maria;  Julia  Decima;  Susanna 


THE  charming  features  in  the  page  before  us  seem  to  smile  upon  us  from  a 
bower  of  genealogical  trees  bearing  golden  apples  more  rich  than  those  of  the 
Hesperides.  A  Grosvenor,  a  Westminster,  and  a  Sutherland  form  a  very 
bouquet  of  ancestral  flowers,  the  most  exquisite  that  could  be  imagined 
by  the  finest  heraldic  fancy. 

The  Lady  Octavia  is  the  ninth  child  (but  the  eighth  living,  whence  the 
name)   and  the  fourth  daughter  of  Richard  Grosvenor,  Earl  Grosvenor, 
Viscount  Belgrave,  Baron  Grosvenor  of  Eaton,  in  the  County  Palatinate  of 
Chester,  and  Marquis  of  Westminster.     Her  mother  is  the  Lady  Elizabeth 
Mary,  youngest  daughter  of  George,  first  Duke  of  Sutherland.     Her  grand- 
mother,  on   the  father's  side,  was  the   Lady  Eleanor,   only  daughter   of 
Thomas,  first  Earl  of  Wilton;  and  on  the  maternal  side,  was  Elizabeth, 
Countess  of  Sutherland,  and  Baroness  of  Strathnaver,  in  her  own  right; 
who  brought  in  her  title  of  Sutherland  and  the  Barony  of  Strathnaver  to 
the  family  of  the  Gowers,  the  Trenthams,  and  the  Granvilles ;  but  more 
than  all,   brought  into  this  noble  family  an  hereditary  example  of  the 
domestic  virtues  which  has  raised  their  happiness  to  a  higher  elevation 
than  all  the  wealth  and  honours  that  could  have  been  accumulated  since 
Charlemagne,  could  have  procured  for  them.     Of  the  father  and  mother  of 
this  Countess  of  Sutherland  the  following  affecting  story  is  narrated : 

William,  the  seventeenth  Earl  of  Sutherland,  married  in  1761,  Mary, 
eldest  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  William  Maxwell,  Esq.,  of  Preston,  in  the 


Stewartry  of  Kirkcudbright.  The  Earl  and  Countess  both  died  in  the  year 
1766,  just  after  the  former  had  completed  his  thirty-first  year;  of  which 
melancholy  circumstance  the  following  affecting  account  has  been  given : 

"  The  loss  of  their  eldest  daughter  made  so  deep  an  impression  upon 
the  spirits  of  the  Earl  and  Countess,  that  they  visited  Bath  in  hopes  the 
amusements  of  that  place  would  dispel  their  grief.  After  a  few  weeks' 
residence  there,  his  lordship  was  attacked  with  a  fever ;  and  the  Countess 
devoted  herself  so  entirely  to  the  care  of  her  husband,  that  she  attended 
for  twenty-one  days  and  nights  without  leaving  him  or  retiring  to  bed. 
This  constant  watching  and  fatigue,  and  the  apprehensions  of  his  danger, 
affected  her  to  such  a  degree,  that  she  died  1st  of  June,  in  her  twenty-sixth 
year,  sixteen  days  before  the  Earl  fell  a  victim  to  disease.  They  were  not 
less  ennobled  by  their  virtues  than  their  high  rank;  their  untimely  fate 
was  deeply  felt,  and  universally  deplored.  They  were  lovely  and  pleasant  in 
their  lives,  and  in  their  deaths  they  were  not  divided — but  interred  in  one 
grave,  in  the  Abbey  Church  of  Holyrood-House,  on  the  9th  of  August, 

The  Countess  was  their  only  surviving  child;  and,  on  her  ladyship's 
right  to  the  title  of  Sutherland  being  established  against  the  claims  set  up 
by  Sir  Robert  Gordon,  of  Gordonstown,  and  George  Sutherland,  of  Fare, — 
the  victory  was  welcomed  as  a  national  triumph, — so  great  was  the  interest 
felt  in  the  illustrious  orphan  throughout  Scotland.  Such  is  the  rich  inhe- 
ritance of  worth,  that  he  who  marries  a  Sutherland  may  expect  the  lady 
of  his  love  to  bring  with  her  as  a  dowry — such  the  bright  example,  which 
now  renders  the  homes  of  Ellesmere,  the  lordly  halls  of  Dunrobin,  and  of 
Eaton,  each  and  all  of  them,  hallowing  examples  of  domestic  felicity. 

To  enter  into  a  description  of  the  family  connexions  of  this  noble 
lady's  house,  on  either  side,  would  require  a  greater  volume  than  must 
suffice  for  this  our  small  collection  of  brief  memoirs  of  the  new  stars  that 


rise  from  time  to  time  in  the  court  of  Queen  Victoria;  one  example  of  the 
Sutherland  quarterings  may  suffice,  which,  when  emblazoned,  comprise 
Gower,  Leveson  (with  its  appropriate  laurels,  so  richly  won  in  later  days 
by  pens,  more  powerful  to  conquer  than  the  swords  of  old),  Gower, 
Granville,  Earl  of  Bath,  Egerton,  Duke  of  Bridgewater,  Stanley,  Strange  of 
Knockyn,  Brandon,  Duke  of  Suffolk,  with  his  crowned  lion,— Clifford,  Earl 
of  Cumberland,  the  royal  arms,  and  over  all,  on  an  escutcheon  of  pretence, 
the  arms  of  the  ancient  Earls  of  Sutherland. 

On  the  side  of  the  Westminsters  we  say  nothing,  because  there  is  so 
much  that  can  be  said ;  nor  will  we  be  led  from  our  purpose  by  Gilbert  Le 
Gros  Veneur,  "  who  came  over  in  the  train  of  the  Conqueror,"  though 
despite  our  resolution,  we  are  led  aside,  by  the  name  of  his  uncle,  Hugo 
Lupus,  Count  of  Avranches,  afterwards  Earl  of  Chester,  and  uncle  of 
Duke  William,— to  tell  one  little  story  of  the  method  of  wooing  pursued 
by  that  victorious  Conqueror — a  chivalrous  custom  in  the  way  of  paying 
court  to  his  intended,  which,  it  is  to  be  hoped,  has  not  descended  to  his 
posterity : — 

"  When  William  thought  of  marrying,  he  sought  a  wife  who  would  secure  him  a  powerful 
alliance  :  he  demanded  Matilda,  daughter  of  Baldwin  of  Lille,  Count  of  Flanders,  and  daughter  of 
Adela  of  France,  sister  of  the  king,  Henry  I.  The  Count  of  Flanders  was  at  this  time  at  war 
with  the  Emperor  ;  and  the  Pope,  entirely  devoted  to  Henry  III.,  interdicted  the  two  lords  from 
contracting  that  alliance.  The  subjects  of  William  were  the  most  warlike  of  all  the  west  ;  those 
of  Baldwin  the  most  industrious  and  richest  :  their  union  appeared  formidable  to  the  Emperor; 
but  William  took  no  notice  of  his  threats  or  those  of  the  Pope.  He  repaired  to  Bruges  in  1053. 
Warned  that  Matilda  had  declared  that  she  would  never  marry  a  bastard,  he  waited  for  her  us 
she  came  out  of  church,  entreated  her,  frightened  her,  and  if  we  can  believe  the  Chronicle  of  Tours, 
beat  her,  until  he  had  obtained  her  consent." — SISMONDI'S  FRANCE  UNDER  THE  FEUDAL  SYSTEM. 

But  it  would  be  a  poor  compliment  to  the  young  lady,  who  is  the 

subject  of  so  much  learning,  were  we  not  to  let  the  world  know,  that  all 

these   knights  and  warriors,  these  Gilberts,   and    Sir  Thomases,   and    Sir 

Richards,  great  as  they  were,  and  noble  as  are  their  names,  did  not  effect  so 



much  to  aggrandize  this  family  of  the  Grosvenors,  as  did  a  certain  humble 
little  Miss  Mary  Davis ;  who,  taking  a  fancy  one  fine  morning,  while  walking 
in  her  father's  (Mr.  Alexander  Davis's)  fields  at  Ebury,  in  Middlesex, 
to  a  fine  noble  gentleman  whom  she  saw  passing,  gave  her  hand  and 
heart  to  Sir  Thomas  Grosvenor,  the  third  baronet,  and  with  it  brought 
the  great  estates  they  now  hold  in  London  and  its  vicinity  into  the  family. 
This  might  have  been  in  1685,  when  Sir  Thomas,  then  Mayor  of  Chester, 
came  up  to  London  to  represent  that  city  in  James  the  Second's  first 
parliament;  and  Miss  Davis,  doubtless,  saw  him  as  he  passed,  a  gallant 
trooper,  by  Ebury,  towards  Hounslow  Heath,  where  was  encamped  the 
regiment  of  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  in  which  the  gallant  Mayor  of  Chester 
commanded  a  troop  of  horse.  It  might  have  been  on  that  day,  when,  just 
returning  from  his  regiment,  he  was  closeted  with  the  king,  and  offered  the 
regiment  and  a  peerage  if  he  would  assent  to  the  Bill  just  brought  in  for 
repealing  the  penal  laws  and  test  acts.  This  offer,  splendid  as  it  was,  he 
refused,  nobly  preferring  the  religion  and  liberty  of  his  country  to  all  the 
distinctions  that  might  be  obtained  by  their  sacrifice.  He  resigned  his 
command  at  once,  went  to  the  House,  and  gave  his  vote  against  the  Bill. 

It  is  fitting  also  that  we  should  notice  that  three  sisters  of  the  Lady 
Octavia  have  married,  first,  Eleanor,  Algernon  Percy,  Baron  Prudhoe,  now 
fourth  Duke  of  Northumberland ;  secondly,  Mary  Frances,  Thomas  Augustus 
Wolstenholme,  Viscount  Parker,  now  fifth  Earl  of  Macclesfield;  third, 
Elizabeth,  the  Hon.  Beilby  Richard  Lawley,  eldest  son  of  Lord  Wenlock : 
an  instance  of  noble  alliance  which  can  be  paralleled  only  by  her  ladyship's 
cousins,  the  daughters  of  the  Duchess  of  Sutherland,  who  have  married — the 
first,  the  Lady  Elizabeth  Georgiana,  to  the  Marquis  of  Lorn,  now  Duke  of 
Argyll;  the  second,  the  Lady  Evelyn,  to  Charles  Lord  Blantyre;  the  third, 
the  Lady  Caroline,  to  the  Marquis  of  Kildare,  heir  to  the  only  Irish 
dukedom  of  Leinster. 


Miss  MAKY  COENEWALL  is  the  daughter  of  Frederick  Hamilton  Cornewall, 
Esq.,  of  Delbury  Hall,  in  Shropshire,  anci  grand- daughter  of  the  Right  Rev. 
Dr.  Cornewall,  the  late  Bishop  of  Worcester.  Her  mother  is  Fanny 
Harriett  Caulfeild,  eldest  daughter  of  St.  George  Caulfeild,  Esq.,  of  Donamon 
Castle,  Roscommon  County,  Ireland,  and  grand-daughter  of  the  first 
Baroness  Crofton.  The  family  of  Cornewall  is  of  ancient  standing  in  Here- 
fordshire ;  and  its  progenitor  is  presumed  to  have  been  Richard  de  Corne- 
wall, a  son  of  Richard,  Earl  of  Cornwall,  who  bore  the  title  of  King  of  the 
Romans,  and  was  the  second  son  of  King  John. 

On  the  maternal  side,  Miss  Mary  Cornewall  may  claim  kindred  with 
the  noble  house  of  the  Croftons  of  the  Mote,  County  Roscommon,  Avhose 
ancestor,  John  Crofton,  was  auditor-general  to  Queen  Elizabeth,  and  went 
over  to  Ireland  with  the  unfortunate  Earl  of  Essex,  where  he  obtained  large 
grants  of  land  in  Roscommon  and  Leitrim ;  with  the  Berkeleys,  the 
Lowthers.  and  Lonsdales,  the  Morrises  of  Clareinont,  the  Earl  of  Galloway, 
the  Charlemonts,  the  Caulfeilds,  from  whom  have  emanated  some  of  the 
most  eminent  ornaments  of  the  Irish  bench, — and  with  most  of  the  distin- 
guished families  of  Ireland. 

On  the  paternal  side,  Miss  Cornewall  is  entitled  to  claim  kindred, 
through  the  late  Bishop  Cornewall's  mother,  Anne,  second  daughter  of 
George,  third  son  of  James,  the  seventh  Earl  of  Abercorn,  with  the 
Onslows,  the  Readings,  the  Hamiltons,  the  celebrated  Captain  James 


Hamilton,  who  distinguished  himself  at  the  siege  of  Londonderry,  and 
succeeded  to  the  title  of  Abercorn  as  a  peer  of  Scotland,  being  subsequently 
created  Baron  Mountcastle  and  Viscount  Strabane, — to  the  Eliots,  the 
Craggs,  the  Ciftons  of  Leightone  Bromeswolf,  and  consequently  to  the 
ancient  ducal  family  of  Richmond  and  Lennox, — to  the  gallant  Frederick 
Hamilton,  the  brave  comrade  in  arms  of  Gustavus  Adolphus,  King  of 
Sweden, — to  the  Vaughans,  the  Gores  of  Manor  Gore,  the  Humes  of 
Castle  Hume, — to  the  Earls  of  Aberdeen,  the  Marquess  of  Douglas,  thence 
to  the  royal  blood  of  Scotland,  the  Regent  Hamilton,  and  his  sons, — the 
one  the  lover,  and  the  other  the  last  friend,  of  the  unhappy  Queen  Mary,— 
and  lastly,  to  the  witty  author  of  De  Grammont's  Memoirs,  and  the  no 
less  celebrated  and  accomplished  beauty,  Lady  Elizabeth  Hamilton,  who 
fixed  the  roving  affections  of  Philibert  Count  De  Grammont,  and  carried 
him  off,  as  his  countess,  from  the  pleasures  of  the  courts  of  England  and 
France  into  the  enjoyments  of  domestic  peace; — a  rich  and  lordly  inherit- 
ance, indeed,  of  wit,  and  beauty,  and  high  honour,  and  ancient  chivalry,  to 
be  embodied  and  represented  in  the  modest  and  retiring  form  of  one  young 
English  lady ! 


"  IT  is  a  reverend  thing,"  says  Lord  Bacon,  in  his  Fourteenth  Essay,  "  to 
see  an  ancient  castle  or  building  not  in  decay,  or  to  see  a  fine  timber-tree 
sound  and  perfect — how  much  more  to  behold  an  ancient  noble  family 
which  hath  stood  against  the  waves  and  weathers  of  time!"  These 
impressive  words,  the  voice  of  truth  and  genius  sounding  through 
a  silver  trumpet,  will  fitly  serve  to  usher  in  a  memoir  of  Miss  Kate 
Sneyd,  the  youngest  of  the  five  daughters  of  the  late  Major  Ralph  Henry 
Sneyd,  eldest  son  of  the  late  Reverend  Wetenhall  Sneyd,  of  New  Church, 
Isle  of  Wight,  and  of  Bletchingley,  Surrey. 

Major  Sneyd  married  Jane  Robina  D  unbar,  youngest  daughter  of 
William  Dunbar,  Esq.,  of  the  family  of  Dunbar  of  Durn,  Murray  shire,  a 
baronet  of  ancient  date,  and  a  lineal  descendant  of  the  Earls  of  March 
and  Moray. 

On  the  paternal  side,  this  young  lady  is  descended  from  the  Sneyds  of 
Keel,  in  the  County  of  Stafford,  a  family  whose  lineage  is  as  ancient  as  the 
valour  of  their  sons  is  famous,  their  loyalty  stamped  and  proved  with  their 
best  blood,  and  the  beauty  of  the  daughters  of  their  race  matter  of  history. 
The  very  name  of  this  family  is  a  standing  proof  of  its  great  antiquity. 
It  bears  upon  its  shield,  "  Arg.,  a  scythe,  the  blade  in  chief,  the  sned,  or 
handle,  in  bend,  sinister,  sa.,  on  the  fesse  point  a  fleur-de-lis,  of  the  second. 
Crest — A  lion  of  England,  or,  passant,  gardant.  Motto — Nee  opprimere, 
nee  opprimi  ("I  will  neither  oppress,  nor  endure  oppression") — a  right  good 


worthy  Saxon  motto,  bespeaking  the  true  English  sturdiness  and  good-will 
of  the  old  blood  of  the  Saxon  thane,  who  took  his  name  from  the  scythe 
he  honestly  handled.  Just  such  words  we  could  fancy  to  be  used  by 
old  Henry  de  Sneyde.  of  Tunstall,  who,  the  pedigree-books  tell  us,  was 
"  living  in  the  third  year  of  the  reign  of  Edward  II.,  A.D.  1310,  and  was 
seised  of  lands  in  the  hamlet  of  Sneyde,  which  had  been  in  the  family  from 
the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  and  also  of  lands  in  the  right  of  his  wife,  Margaret, 
daughter  and  heiress  of  Nicholas  de  Tunstall." 

The  Sneyds,  then,  may  be  found,  not  on  the  roll  of  Battle  Abbey,  but 
on  that  of  those  who  followed  Harold  to  the  field  and  fought  for  their 
country,  determined  "  neither  to  oppress  nor  be  oppressed."  We  have 
read  the  motto  of  the  family,  and  found  the  meaning  of  their  name.  It  is 
seldom  that  heraldry  can  be  so  readily  interpreted.  Let  us  look  further.  On 
the  handle  of  the  scythe  there  is  a  fleur-de-lis — what  does  that  import? 

Richard  de  Tunstall,  otherwise  Sneyde,  was  the  grandson  of  the  Henry 
above  mentioned,  and  followed  his  lord,  the  famous  Lord  Audley,  to  the 
field,  doing  him  service  for  his  lands  of  Bradwell.  He  fought  by  his  side  at 
the  battle  of  Poictiers,  in  the  thirtieth  year  of  the  reign  of  Edward  III.  A.  D. 
1356,  and  the  King,  or,  we  should  rather  say,  the  Black  Prince — gave  him, 
in  commemoration  of  his  services,  the  addition  to  his  arms  of  the  fleur-de-lis, 
in  sign  of  the  French  defeat.  But  why  was  this  especial  honour  done  to  this 
plain  country  gentleman — this  esquire — for  as  yet  the  lands  of  Tunstall, 
and  of  Sneyde,  even  with  the  holding  of  Bradwell,  could  give  him  no  further 
title  ?  Froissart  thus  tells  the  tale  :— 

"Soon  after  the  Earl  of  Warwick  and  the  Lord  Reginald  Cobham  had  left  the  prince, 
he  inquired  from  those  knights  who  were  about  him  of  Lord  James  Audley,  and  asked  if  any 
one  knew  what  was  become  of  him.'  'Yes,  sir,'  replied  some  of  the  company — '  he  is  very 
badly  wounded,  and  is  lying  in  a  litter,  hard  by.'  '  By  my  troth,'  replied  the  prince,  '  I  am  sore 
vexed  that  he  is  so  wounded.  See,  I  beg  of  you,  if  he  be  able  to  bear  being  carried  hither ; 
otherwise,  I  will  come  and  visit  him.'  The  knights  directly  left  the  prince,  and  coming  to  Lord 
James,  told  him  how  desirous  the  prince  was  of  seeing  him.  '  A  thousand  thanks  to  the  prince,' 


answered  Lord  James,  '  for  condescending  to  remember  so  poor  a  knight  as  myself !'  He  then 
called  eight  of  his  servants,  and  had  himself  borne  in  his  litter  to  where  the  prince  was.  When 
he  was  come  into  his  presence,  the  prince  bent  down  over  him,  and  embraced  him,  saying,  '  My 
Lord  James,  I  am  bound  to  honour  you  very  much ;  for,  by  your  valour  this  day,  you  have 
acquired  glory  and  renown  above  us  all,  and  your  prowess  has  proved  you  the  bravest  knight.' 
Lord  James  replied — '  My  lord,  you  have  a  right  to  say  whatever  you  please,  but  I  wish  it  were 
as  you  have  said.  If  I  have  this  day  been  forward  to  serve  you,  it  has  been  to  accomplish  a 
vow  that  I  had  made,  and  it  ought  not  to  be  thought  so  much  of !'  '  Sir  James,'  answered  the 
prince,  '  I  and  all  the  rest  of  us  deem  you  the  bravest  knight  on  our  side  in  this  battle ;  and  to 
increase  your  renown,  and  furnish  you  withal  to  pursue  your  career  of  glory  in  war,  I  retain  you 
henceforward  for  ever,  as  my  knight,  with  five  hundred  marcs  (of  13s.  4d.  each)  of  yearly  revenue, 
which  I  will  secure  to  you  from  my  estates  in  England  !'  '  Sir,'  said  Lord  James,  '  God  make 
me  very  deserving  of  the  good  fortune  you  bestow  upon  me.'  At  these  words  he  took  leave  of  the 
prince,  as  he  was  very  weak,  and  his  servants  carried  him  back  to  his  tent.  *  *  *  When  the  Lord 
James  Audley  was  brought  back  to  his  tent,  after  having  most  respectfully  thanked  the  prince 
for  his  gift,  he  did  not  remain  long  before  he  sent  for  his  brother,  Sir  Peter  Audley,  the  Lord  Bar- 
tholomew Burghersh,  Sir  Stephen  Cossington,  Lord  Willoughby  of  Eresby,  and  Lord  William 
Ferrers  of  Groby  :  they  were  all  his  relations.  He  then  sent  for  his  four  squires  that  had  attended 
upon  him  that  day,  and  addressing  himself  to  the  knights,  said  :  '  Gentlemen,  it  has  pleased  my 
lord  the  prince  to  give  me  five  hundred  marcs  as  a  yearly  inheritance ;  for  which  gift  I  have 
done  him  very  trifling  bodily  service.  You  see  here  these  four  squires,  who  have  always  served 
me  most  loyally,  and  especially  in  this  day's  engagement.  What  glory  I  may  have  gained,  has 
been  through  their  means,  and  by  their  valour  :  on  which  account  I  wish  to  reward  them  ; 
I  therefore  give  and  resign  into  their  hands  the  gift  of  five  hundred  marcs,  which  my  lord  the 
prince  has  been  pleased  to  bestow  me,  in  the  same  form  and  manner  that  it  has  been  presented 
to  me.  I  disinherit  myself  of  it,  and  give  it  to  them  simply,  and  without  a  possibility  of  revok- 
ing it !'  The  knights  present  looked  on  each  other  and  said,  '  It  is  becoming  the  noble  mind  of 
Lord  James  to  make  such  a  gift;'  and  then  unanimously  added,  '  May  the  Lord  remember  you 
for  it !  We  will  bear  witness  of  this  gift  to  them  wheresoever  and  whensoever  they  may  call 
on  us.'  " — CHRONICLES  OF  SIR  JOHN  FROISSART,  vol.  i.  ch.  clxii.,  &c. 

One  of  these  four  squires  was  Richard  de  Sneyde,  doing  service  for  his 
holding  of  Bradwell,  of  which  the  grateful  Lord  James  Audley,  after  his 
return,  granted  the  manor  and  demesne  in  fee  farm  to  his  son  and  heir  Wil- 
liam Sneyde,  thence  called  "  Sneyde  of  Bradwell."  This  was  in  the  second 
year  of  the  reign  of  Henry  IV. ;  and  curious  it  is,  in  after  time,  to  read  of 
Elizabeth,  the  second  daughter  of  Sir  William  Sneyde,  knight  of  Bradwell, 
mayor  and  sheriff  of  Staffordshire,  in  the  third  year  of  the  reign  of  Edward 
VI.,  and  the  fifth  and  sixth  of  Philip  and  Mary,  being  united  in  marriage  to 


a  Lord  Audley.  A  valorous  knight  was  this  same  Sir  William,  and  did  good 
service  to  the  Crown  of  England — nor  went  he  without  his  reward ;  seeing 
that  in  the  partition  of  the  many  good  things  belonging  to  better  men,  which 
Henry  VIII.  in  the  latter  part  of  his  reign  had  to  give  away,  Sir  William 
Sneyde  received  his  portion  of  the  plunder  of  the  monasteries,  and  thereby 
came  into  possession  of  the  lands  of  Keel,  in  Staffordshire.  More  than 
this,  he  fought  at  Pinkey,  where  the  Scots  were  routed,  Protector  fighting 
against  Regent,  Somerset  for  the  youthful  Edward  VI.,  and  Murray  for 
the  infant  Mary.  In  remembrance  of  which,  from  Queen  Elizabeth,  in  the 
ninth  year  of  her  reign,  he  obtained  the  rectory  and  advowson  of  Wolstan- 
ten,  in  the  chancel  of  whose  picturesque  church  he  lies  buried  in  a  stately 
tomb,  on  which  are  recumbent  figures  of  himself  in  armour,  with  his  first 
wife  by  his  side.  It  is  curious  to  observe  that  of  all  the  lands  of  which  he 
died  possessed,  scarcely  any  portion  has  passed  out  of  the  family,  but  yet 
remain  the  property  of  his  descendants  in  their  different  branches. 

Sir  William's  great-grandson  was  that  gallant  royalist,  Colonel  Ralph 
Sneyde,  whose  house  was  burnt  over  his  head  for  his  loyalty  to  King 
Charles  I.  In  a  MS.  journal  of  "  the  Committee  at  Stafford,"  (formerly  in 
the  possession  of  the  Burnes  of  Aldersham, )  we  find  the  entry:  "Feb.  29. 
That  Keele  House  be  forthwith  demolished  by  Captain  Barbar's  soldiers." 
But  this  availed  little  to  turn  that  gallant  heart;  for  Colonel  Ralph 
Sneyde  fought  to  the  last  for  his  king,  and  fell,  by  almost  the  last  shot  fired 
against  Charles  I.  in  1650,  in  the  Isle  of  Man,  in  the  last  defence  of  the 
Countess  of  Derby. 

The  royalist  hero  died  without  issue,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  brother 
William  Sneyd,  Esq.,  M.P.,  in  the  Restoration  Parliament,  who,  by  his 
petition,  showed  his  family  losses  in  the  Civil  Wars  to  amount  to  20,000^. 
This  same  William  Sneyd,  of  Keel  and  Bradwell,  Esq..  M.P.  for  Staf- 
fordshire, A.D.  1660,  was  sheriff  for  Stafford,  1664.  He  married  Felicia, 


daughter  of  Robert  Audley,  of  Gransden,  County  Huntingdon,  Esq.  Ralph 
Sneyd,  of  Keel  and  Brad  well,  Esq.,  his  eldest  son,  married  Frances, 
daughter  of  Sir  John  Dryden,  of  Canons  Ashby,  County  Northumberland, 
Bart.,  in  March,  1703;  and  thus  brought  the  poet's  inheritance  into  the 
Sneyd  family.  The  second  brother  of  Ralph  Sneyd,  of  Keel  and  Bradwell, 
viz.  William  Sneyd,  of  the  Birches,  County  Stafford,  third  in  descent  from 
Henry  de  Sneyde,  Esq.,  born  1643,  married  Sarah,  daughter  and  heiress  of 
Edward  Wettenhal,  of  the  Waterhouse,  County  Stafford.  His  third  son, 
Wettenhall,  D.D.,  Archdeacon  and  Chancellor  of  the  Diocese  of  Kilmore  and 
Ardagh,  in  Ireland,  born  1676,  died  1745,  married  Barbara  Marsh, 
daughter  of  an  officer  in  the  Guards,  by  whom  he  had  twenty-one  children. 
He  was  grandfather  of  the  late  Wettenhall  Sneyd,  of  New  Church,  Isle  of 
Wight,  and  of  Bletchingley,  Surrey. 

But  enough  has  been  said  of  valiant  gentlemen  and  noble  relatives  on 
the  paternal  side ;  we  would  speak  of  the  traditional  beauty  of  the  female 
branches  of  the  family  of  Sneyd:  a  melancholy  story,  in  connexion  with 
which,  is  entwined  in  the  military  as  well  as  literary  history  of  the  country. 
Edward  Sneyd,  Esq.,  the  nephew  of  Dr.  Wettenhall  Sneyd,  had  a  daughter 
Honora.  This  gentleman  resided  at  Belmont,  near  Lichfield,  and  his 
family  was  intimate  with  that  of  the  celebrated  Miss  Anna  Seward.  This 
lady  having  lost  her  sister,  "  the  blank  in  her  society  wras  supplied,"  as  we 
are  informed  by  Sir  Walter  Scott,  in  his  Memoir  of  Miss  Seward,  "  by  the 
attachment  of  Miss  Honora  Sneyd,  who  came  there  to  reside  with  her  family, 
and  whose  name  is  so  often  mentioned  in  the  ensuing  volumes."  In  a  letter 
dated  from  Gotham,  Oct.  1761  (in  Sir  Walter  Scott's  Collection),  Miss 
Seward  gives  us  the  first  glimpse  of  this  young  lady : — 

"  It  is  evening  :  half  an  hour  ago  my  fair  cousin  and  myself  were  walking  upon  the  grass- 
plot,  upon  which  our  chamber-window  looks.  The  sun  was  setting  splendidly;  but,  looking  up, 
I  saw  an  object  more  bright,  more  lovely, — the  face  of  my  beauteous  Honora  at  the  open  case- 
ment, packing  up  a  little  box,  which  we  were  to  take  home  with  us.  She  leaned  forward,  bending 


upon  me  her  fine  eyes,  luminous  with  joy,  then  lifted  them  up  with  a  smile  of  delight,  and 
clasped  her  dear  hands  together.  I  need  not  observe  that  it  was  the  thoughts  of  our  approach- 
ing return  which  produced  this  silent  eloquence  of  pleasure  :  she  would  have  restrained  it,  I  well 

We  next  hear  of  her  in  a  letter  from  the  unfortunate  Major  Andre,  in 
October  3,  1764,  published  by  Miss  Seward,  in  her  "  Monody  on  the  Death 
of  Major  Andre." 

"  Honora  will  put  in  a  little  postscript,  were  it  only  to  tell  me  that  she  is  my  very  sincere 
frieHil.  Very  short,  indeed,  Honora,  was  thy  last  postscript !  But  I  was  too  presumptuous." 

Iii  another  letter,  October  19,  1769,  writing  from  Warneford  Court, 
Major  Andre  (then  engaged  in  commercial  pursuits)  says— 

"  Thus  all  the  mercantile  glories  crowd  on  my  fancy,  emblazoned  in  the  most  refulgent 
colouring  of  an  ardent  imagination  :  borne  on  her  soaring  pinions  I  wing  my  flight  to  the  time 
when  Heaven  shall  have  crowned  my  labours  with  success  and  opulence.  I  see  sumptuous  palaces 
rising  to  receive  me  ;  I  see  orphans,  and  widows,  and  painters,  and  fiddlers,  and  poets,  and  builders 
protected  and  encouraged;  and  when  the  fabric  is  pretty  nearly  finished  by  my  shattered  pericranium, 
I  cast  my  eyes  around,  and  find  John  Andre  by  a  small  coal  fire,  in  a  gloomy  counting-house,  in 
Warnford- court,  nothing  so  little  as  what  he  has  been  making  himself,  and  in  all  probability 
never  to  be  much  more  than  he  is  at  present.  But  oh  !  my  dear  Honora  !  it  is  for  thy  sake 
only  I  wish  for  wealth  !  You  say,  she  was  somewhat  better  at  the  time  you  wrote  last.  I  must 
Hatter  myself  that  she  will  soon  be  without  any  remains  of  this  threatening  disease." 

Again,  on  November  1,  1769 — 

"  Thus  all  my  mercantile  calculations  go  to  the  tune  of  clear  Honora.  When  an  impertinent 
consciousness  whispers  in  my  ear,  that  I  am  not  of  the  right  stuff  for  a  merchant,  I  draw  my 
Honora's  picture  from  my  bosom,  and  the  sight  of  that  dear  talisman  so  inspirits  my  industry, 
that  no  toil  appears  oppressive." 

Miss  Anna  Seward,  in  her  famous  Monody,  thus  speaks  of  this  unfor- 
tunate attachment  of  which  she  had  been  the  confidant : — 

"  While  with  nice  hand  he  marked  the  living  grace 
And  matchless  sweetness  of  Honora's  face, 
Th'  enamoured  youth  the  faithful  traces  blest, 
That  barbed  the  dart  of  Beauty  in  his  breast ; 
Around  his  neck  the  enchanting  portrait  hung, 
While  a  warm  vow  burst  ardent  from  his  tongue, 
That  from  his  bosom  no  succeeding  day, 
No  chance  should  bear  that  talisman  away. 


Now  Prudence,  in  her  cold  and  thrifty  care, 
Frowned  on  the  maid,  and  bade  the  youth  despair ; 
For  power  parental  sternly  saw,  and  strove 
To  tear  the  lily-bands  of  plighted  love  ; 
Nor  strove  in  vain  j — but  while  the  fair  one's  sighs 
Disperse  like  April's  storms  in  sunny  skies, 
The  firmer  lover,  with  unswerving  truth, 
To  his  first  passion  consecrates  his  youth  ; 
Though  four  long  years  a  night  of  absence  prove, 
Yet  Hope's  soft  star  shone,  trembling,  on  his  love  ; 
Till  busy  rumour  chased  each  pleasing  dream, 
And  quenched  the  radiance  of  the  silver  beam. 

"  Honora  lost  !  my  happy  rival's  bride  ! 
Swell,  ye  full  sails  !  and  roll,  thou  mighty  tide ; 
O'er  the  dark  waves  forsaken  Andre  bear, 
Amid  the  rolling  thunders  of  the  war  ! 

A  letter  from  Major  Andre  to  one  of  his  friends,  contained  the  follow- 
ing sentence, — 

"  I  have  been  taken  prisoner  by  the  Americans,  and  stript  of  everything  except  the  picture 
of  Honora,  which  I  concealed  in  my  mouth.     Preserving  that,  I  yet  think  myself  fortunate." 

Miss  Honora  Sneyd,  to  whom  Major  Andre's  attachment  was  of  such 
extraordinary  constancy,  died  in  a  consumption  a  few  months  before  he 
suffered  death  at  Tappan.  Alas,  for  romance!  she  had  married  another 
gentleman  some  few  years  after  her  engagement  with  Major  Andre  had  been 
dissolved  by  parental  authority. 

Alas,  we  say,  for  romance !  the  husband  of  Miss  Honora  Sneyd  was 
Richard  Lovell  Edgeworth,  Esq.,  of  Edgeworthstown,  Ireland,  the  father, 
by  a  first  marriage,  of  that  charming  novelist,  Maria  Edgeworth.  He 
took  the  lady  for  his  second  wife,  (he  married  a  third,  and  also  a  fourth 
time, )  and  in  his  gossiping  Autobiography  tells  us  a  singular  story  of  how 
Mr.  Thomas  Day,  the  philanthropist,  (the  author  of"  Sandford  and  Merton,") 
used  to  pay  his  addresses,  by  protocol,  to  this  same  Honora,  and  how  that 
philosopher  finally  broke  off  his  courtship  on  account  of  the  lady's  being  too 


lively  and  dancing  too  well  for  a  wise  man's  wife.  Mr.  Edgeworth  himself, 
who  had  been  in  love  with  the  lady  (by-the-bye  he  married  her  sister 
Elizabeth  when  she  died,  and  makes  a  very  curious  mixture  of  his  double 
love-story  in  his  Memoir),  then  declared  himself,  and  was  accepted,  Miss 
Seward  herself  being  present  at  the  wedding,  and  her  father,  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Seward,  "  shedding  tears  of  joy  as  he  united  the  happy  pair."  Mr.  Edge- 
worth,  also,  indignantly  repudiates  the  accusation,  which  he  imputes  to 
Miss  Seward's  romantic  feelings,  of  Major  Andre's  having  been  jilted  by 
Honora.  He  asserts  that  he  had  often  met  them  in  each  other's  presence,  and 
that  Andre  had  totally  withdrawn  from  all  pretensions,  nor  was  he  in  any 
respect  "  a  favoured  swain."  He  shows,  also,  that  the  date  of  Major  Andre's 
first  commission  having  been  in  1771,  and  Honora  Sneyd's  marriage  having 
taken  place  on  the  17th  of  July,  1773,  the  latter  could  not  have  been  the 
cause  of  the  change  in  Major  Andre's  profession.  The  letters  of  Mrs.  Edge- 
worth  also  bear  evidence  to  her  happiness  as  a  wife  and  mother;  her  last 
words,  as  he  records  them,  breathe  the  tenderest  affection,  and  there  is 
no  doubt,  from  Maria  Edgeworth's  report,  that  he  made  her  a  kind,  atten- 
tive, and  affectionate  husband. 

On  the  maternal  side,  Miss  Kate  Sneyd  is  related  to  the  Earls  of 
March  and  Moray,  (the  tenth  Earl  of  March,  Patrick,  having  married  the 
Lady  Agnes  Randolph,  only  daughter  of  Thomas,  Earl  of  Moray,  the  first 
baronet,  Sir  W.  Dunbar,  of  Durn,  being  the  eighth  in  lineal  descent  from 
James,  fifth  Earl  of  Moray),  the  Deans,  of  the  Aldearn,  the  knightly  family 
of  the  Bairds  of  Archmedden,  and  the  Bartletts  of  Banff,  &c. 



THIS  lady  is  the  fair  blossom  of  an  ancient  Irish  hereditary  tree,  and  is 
descended  from  the  Prendergasts  of  Newcastle,  county  Galway,  her  father 
being  the  late  Guy  Lenox  Prendergast,  Esq.,  formerly  member  of  the 
Bombay  government,  and  M.P.  for  Lymington,  and  her  mother  the  daughter 
of  the  late  Dr.  Greine  of  St.  Petersburg.  The  story  of  this  lady's  family 
is  so  fully  told  in  the  tradition  known  as  "  The  Dream  of  Sir  Thomas 
Prendergast,"  that  it  would  be  as  well  to  repeat  it  in  this  brief  notice  of  his 
fair  descendant. 

"  Early  appointed  to  a  regiment  of  horse,  Thomas  Prendergast,  the  heir 
of  a  distinguished  Anglo-Norman  family,  long  seated  at  Newcastle,  county 
Tipperary,  had  already  risen  to  the  command  of  a  troop,  when  the  Revolution 
of  1680  took  all  chance  of  promotion  away  from  the  Irish  Catholics.  Ardent 
and  sanguine  in  temper,  he  was  persuaded  to  promise  adhesion  to  Lord 
Aylesbury's  conspiracy  for  the  restoration  of  King  James,  which  was 
unfortunately  altered  by  some  of  the  inferior  leaders  into  the  Assassination 
Plot.  From  such  a  perversion  of  the  original  plot  his  honourable  mind 
recoiled  with  horror ;  and  it  is  well  known  to  readers  of  English  history 
how,  wfoen  compelled  by  religious  feeling  to  place  the  king  upon  his  guard, 
he  nevertheless  withstood  with  fortitude  both  promises  and  threats,  even 
when  they  came  from  the  mouth  of  William  himself ;  absolutely  refusing  to 
give  the  names,  or  assist  in  convicting  any  of  the  conspirators,  until  that 
friend  at  whose  solicitations  he  had  become  a  party  to  the  original  plot, 


gave  information  against  him.  For  his  conduct  then  and  subsequently, 
he  was  warmly  praised  in  both  Houses  of  Parliament;  and  the  king, 
having  marked  his  own  sense  of  it  by  a  grant  of  one  of  the  forfeited  estates, 
the  Parliament,  when  subsequently  revoking  even  the  grant  to  the  suc- 
cessful De  Ginkell,  Earl  of  Athlone,  confirmed  that  only  which  was  made 
to  Sir  Thomas  Prendergast."  He  subsequently  married  the  well-dowered 
Penelope  Cadogan,  the  only  sister  of  the  gallant  general,  afterwards  Earl 
Cadogan,  and  was  again  placed  in  active  service.  Foremost  in  the  fight 
in  almost  all  the  brilliant  achievements  of  Queen  Anne's  reign,  he,  in 
addition,  served  the  cause  of  Marlborough,  at  intervals,  in  Parliament,  as 
M.P.  for  Monaghan;  whilst  in  matters  which  concerned  Ireland,  he  voted 
with  his  illustrious  cousin,  the  great  and  unfortunate  Duke  of  Ormond. 
We  are  told  of  his  happy  leisure,  spent  in  adorning  his  new  properties  with 
woods  and  gardens,  or  in  resting  amid  the  honoured  towers  and  groves  of 
Newcastle,  which  overlooked  the  broad  expanse  of  the  lovely  Suir.  Sir 
Thomas,  as  the  story  goes,  attended  the  death-bed  of  an  old  retainer  and 
fellow- soldier,  James  Cranwell,  who  had  fought  by  his  side  in  many  a  field. 
After  the  battle  of  Oudenarde,  where  he  did  good  service  in  carrying 
the  strong  post  of  Heynem  with  Cadogan' s  brigade,  he  sought  leave  of 
absence,  and  reached  his  home;  where,  on  the  very  first  night  of  his  return, 
he  had  a  forewarning  of  his  death  in  a  dream.  A  figure  appeared  before  him, 
which  for  many  years  he  had  not  seen.  He  looked  and  doubted,  and  looked 
again ;  but  could  doubt  no  more.  The  figure  wore  the  old  livery  of  the 
Prendergasts :  it  was  James  Cranwell.  The  gallant  baronet,  who  had  never 
trembled  at  the  battle's  loudest  roar,  felt  an  unaccountable  dread,  nor  could 
find  words  to  inquire  wherefore  he  came.  '  It  is  well  to  be  prepared  for 
death,  Sir  Thomas  Prendergast,'  was  the  answer ;  '  you  will  die  upon  this  day 
year.'  The  warning  delivered,  the  figure  vanished;  and  when  Sir  Thomas, 
shuddering,  raised  himself  in  his  bed,  the  room  was  empty,  daylight  yet  absent 



from  the  horizon,  the  smouldering  embers  still  reddening  the  grate,  and  he 
knew  it  was  but  a  dream.  Nevertheless,  so  vividly  did  it  impress  his  mind 
that  he  made  a  memorandum  in  his  tablets  the  following  morning,  stating  the 
warning  he  had  received — a  memorandum  found  among  his  papers  after  his 
death,  and  in  which  he  professed  "  to  have  no  faith  in  such  superstitions." 
Peace  appeared  certain;  but  in  spite  of  Louis  XIV  .'s  desire  to  obtain  it  by 
any  concession,  the  selfishness  of  those  who  commanded  the  Allies,  and  their 
desire  still  further  to  humiliate  France,  drove  the  aged  monarch  to  another 
struggle.  Tournay  was  taken ;  Mons  threatened ;  and  a  battle  was  imminent. 
The  year  had  run  out  all  but  two  days ;  and  now,  on  the  9th  of  September, 
Sir  Thomas  felt  a  satisfaction  in  thinking  the  fight  would  be  on  that  day. 
But  soon  the  intelligence  arrived  that  Maryborough  had  postponed  the  battle, 
and  the  10th  having  been  passed  in  partial  contests,  Malplaquet  was  fought 
on  the  llth,  the  most  dearly-bought  victory  ever  won  by  a  British  general, 
the  number  of  killed  having  doubled  that  which  fell  at  Waterloo.  "  On  the 
night  previous,  Prendergast  felt,  at  last,  that  there  might  be  truth  in  the 
mysterious  warning;  whilst  others  slept  he  prepared  himself,  as  best  he 
could,  for  meeting  Him  who  is  Lord  also  of  the  battle;  and  when  the 
morning  light  first  broke,  struggling  through  the  surrounding  fog,  he 
mounted  his  favourite  charger  with  the  feelings  of  one  who  has  bid  adieu 
to  all  that  is  dear  to  him.  Wife,  children,  and  father — all  appeared  before 
his  mind;  the  latter  then  nearly  in  his  hundredth  year.  On  all  he  earnestly 
prayed  a  blessing,  and  then  and  from  henceforth  thought  only  of  his  queen 
and  country.  The  fight  was  long  and  fierce,  the  blood  of  both  armies  fell 
in  torrents.  Among  the  list  of  the  gallant  dead,  drawn  up  in  the  British 
camp  that  night,  was  found  the  name  of  Brigadier-General  Sir  Thomas 

Sir  Thomas  was  succeeded  by  his  only  son,  who  was  a  distinguished 
member  of  both  the  English  and  Irish  parliaments,  and  postmaster-general 


in  Ireland.  He  died  whilst  a  patent  was  drawing  out,  raising  him  to  the 
Viscountcy  of  Clonmel,  leaving  no  issue  by  his  wife  Anne,  only  daughter 
and  heiress  of  Sir  Hugh  Williams  of  Marie,  Bart.  Of  the  daughters, 
Juliana  married  Chaworth,  sixth  Earl  of  Meathj  Anne  married  Samuel 
Hobson,  Esq. ;  and  her  eventual  heiress  married  Jeffrey  Prendergast,  Esq. ; 
and  Elizabeth  married,  first,  Sir  John  Dixon  Raman,  Bart.,  and  secondly, 
Charles  Smyth,  Esq.,  M.P.,  son  of  the  then  Bishop  of  Limerick.  She 
eventually  inherited  the  Galway  estates.  But  though  this  branch  of  the 
family  is  extinct  in  the  male  line,  the  elder  branch  still  flourishes;  and 
Colonel  Charles  O'Neal  Prendergast,  of  the  Scotch  Fusilier  Guards — an 
officer  who  proved  at  Salamanca  and  Vittoria  that  he  was  a  worthy  scion 
of  this  time-honoured  tree,  is  the  possessor  of  Newcastle,  built  by  his  direct 
ancestor,  six  hundred  and  sixty  years  ago.